DR. JOHN LINDLEY.

Very recently we recorded a living example of a country gardener's son deservedly elevated for his deeds of noble daring and honorable conduct, to be the associate and the admired of our country's nobility. It is noble and animating to see such examples of the gifted son of the poor man elevated upon the pinnacle to which he has buffeted his way - "Rough'd to his point against the advene stream;" and we have this day to place before our readers another such example in Dr. John Lindley.

Dr. Lindley was born at Catton, near Norwich, where his father, Mr. George Lindley, for many years carried on the business of a nurseryman and seedsman; but, being unsuccessful in business, he ultimately became foreman to Messrs. Miller and Sweet, of Bristol Nursery, where, no doubt, many of our professional readers knew him personally. The early life of the subject of this notice was not distinguished by any remarkable occurrence. His rudimentary education being obtained in his native country, he was subsequently sent to France to prosecute the more advanced branches; and, on his return, in consequence of his father's reverses, he was early thrown upon his own resources. These resources were a well-stored mind, great self-reliance, and a ready perception of the art of rising. Soon after his return from the continent, he attracted the notice of Sir Joseph Banks, by being engaged in a controversy with Sir James Edward Smith, late President of the Linnean Society. Sir Joseph favored the opinion of Mr. Lindley, and appreciating the ability of the young controversialist, he took him under his patronage, and through his influence he was employed by the Horticultural Society, to whose "Transactions" his father has been a contributor.

The Horticultural Society having determined, much against the wishes of many of its fellows, to occupy an extensive garden, finally arranged in 1821, for that at Chiswick.

The Garden required for its care a resident staff, and as Assistant Secretary of the Garden we find, in 1822, Mr. Lindley was for the first time announced as an officer of the society. As holder of that office, he had to superintend the collection of plants, and other transactions in the Garden, besides keeping all accounts and minutes of reports addressed to the Society's Council.

Mr. Sabine retired from the Secretaryship, and was succeeded by Mr. Bentham, Mr. Lindley continuing his Assistant Secretary.

Mr. Lindley's connection with the Horticultural Society, sustained by his undoubted great acquirements as a Botanist, aided his rapid upward progress. The Botanical Register, established by Mr. Sydenham Edwards, in 1815, passed in 1826 to the editorship of Mr. Lindley, having previously been under the management of his friend Mr. Bellenden Ker. The sound knowledge he here exhibited, as well as in his Rosarum Monographia, and Synopsis of the British Mora, published in 1820, fully justified the University of London in placing him in the Chair of Botany, from which, as Professor, he delivered his Introductory Lecture at the close of April in 1829. In this he boldly made a stand in favor of the Natural System of Botany, and announced his intention of adopting it as the basis of his course of Instruction. Mr. Tegetmeier says, in a letter now before us: "I am a very old pupil of Dr. Lindley's. Twenty years ago I took his gold medal at University College, and maintained the superiority of his teaching by taking the silver botanical medal of the Apothecaries' Company, open to the competition of all the students in England. We have long been strangers; but I can truly say, as a lecturer, he was one of the best teachers I ever heard.

Free and conversational in his manner, his matter was excellent, and methodically arranged. I entered his class with little knowledge of, and less liking for, Botany, and left it with the results that I have mentioned, having amongst my competitors Dr. W. B. Carpenter, Dr. Lankester, Dr. Jenner, etc".

In 1832 Mr. Lindley procured from a German university the degree of "Doctor of Philosophy." From that time he was known as Dr. Lindley. In 1838 he became Yice-Secretary of the Horticultural Society - a post which he has ever since continued to hold.

We have little more to chronicle of Dr. Lindley beyond a list of his principal publications! in addition to those already noticed, and they deserve the general criticism that they are all excellent.

In 1833 he published his Nixus plantarium (Approximations of Plants), and in 1838, Flora Mediea, and Sertum Orchidaceum, besides reporting upon the short-comings at Kew Gardens.

In 1839 appeared his Ladies' Botany, and School Botany, and in 1840, his Theory of Horticulture - decidedly one of the best efforts to illuminate and direct practice by science.*

In 1841 he published his Elements of Botany, and in conjunction with Mr. Paxton and Mr. Dilcke, founded the Gardener's Chronicle, over which he continues to preside as editor. The same year, also, he became Professor of Botany at the Royal Institution, and published, in conjunction with Mr. Hutton, The Fossil Flora of Great Britain.

In 1846 appeared his largest and valuable work, The Vegetable Kingdom.

We must here close our very imperfect notes, and will do so by expressing a hope that for many years to come our generation may benefit by the high botanical acquirements of Dr. Lindley.