This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Editor Horticulturist: I wish to say one word about the Goodrich potatoes which are yearly advertised as one of the best and most prolific. I have grown them now four years - they produced well, but when sent to market can not be sold a second time to the same consumer, because of their inferiority in quality. I have tested the matter thoroughly, and while so far I have sold my crop freely in spring at three dollars a bushel for seed, in autumn no person knowing them will buy at twenty per cent, below price of other eatable sorts. It is about time for this variety to be laid on the shelf and a better one introduced, which perhaps we have in Early Rose, Shaw, or some other of comparatively new introduction. A.
It is better to make cuttings of all hardy shrubs, as currants, gooseberries, wiegelas. spiraeas, etc., in the autumn than to delay until mid-winter or spring. At this time the wood and bud are all in full health and capable of sustaining themselves into growth in spring independent of the root; but late in winter they are often so much enfeebled by exhaustion and exposure to extremes of cold, that often they fail to grow even under the best of care. This loss of vitality, if the shoot or bud were left on the parent plant, would be renewed in the spring by means of the roots, but when separated therefrom, can not be replaced, and hence the cause for a too oft failure in growing winter-made cuttings. Cuttings at this time, early in November, may be at once planted out in the open ground where they are to grow, and covered entirely first with earth, then over it a light character of mulch, as straw, meadow hay, etc., the mulch to be removed in spring and the earth also down to a strong bud.
Or the cuttings may now be tied in bundles and packed in clean sand in a cool cellar or pit, or they may be packed away in thin layers, with moss intervening, and so kept for planting out in early spring.