This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Every spring I look over my flower beds before spading, in order to ascertain what plants are coming up from self-sown seed of the previous autumn For several years I have never failed of an abundant supply of geraniums (Zonal), though generally they do not flower until late in the fall. In one instance, J I had a geranium flower in four months from seed; but this does not happen often. I am always sure to find a large supply of petunias, candytuft, mignonette, calliopsis, dianthus, heddewigii, delphiniums, acquile-gias, pyrethrums, pansies and some others; and this spring, for the first time, I find bal-9am8 shooting forth from seed which has remained in the ground through the winter. Now this may be unusual, or it may not; I cannot say. Yet it is a fact, and I believe it to be worthy of some consideration from those who sow seeds in the fall.
I believe plants come earlier, grow faster, prove stronger and every way better from self-sown seed, because less checks are put upon them to retard their growth and development; and, unless you are blest with a greenhouse, where you can force your plants along, there is certainly no way in which you can obtain any early bloom.
Seed carefully and properly sown by hand in autumn would have the same advantages as self-sown seed, and undoubtedly would prove as successful. - O. H. Peck, in Rural New- Yorker.
A Plant Worth 8160 - The Gardener's Chronicle says: "Mr. Stevens recently sold three lots of the Humming-bird Mandevallia ( M. Trochilus) for £32. The plant is thus described in the catalogue: ' Mandevallia Trochilus (Colibri, humming-bird), the king of the Mandevallias, and the largest flowering species, with long tails, in the way of Cypripedium Caudatumy red-brown color, with blue reflex; very rare. Only a very few plants have been introduced.' Ten pounds ten shillings was given at the same sale for a plant of Mandevallia Lindeni"