This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Seldom do we see an American article on Honeysuckles, but English gardeners are alive to their beauties, and here is a beautiful as well as a practical contribution to the literature of climbing vines, from a contributor to The Garden:
"Everybody loves honeysuckles; every poet has written of the woodbine; every posy we receive from the country is sure to contain trusses of its flowers; everybody remembers that ' lovely cottage' with the woodbine half choking the doorway, or half smothering the window. The honeysuckle is not at all an aristocratic plant. The day laborer may have one rambling over his little arbor, and the countess allows another on the summer house, provided it does not interfere with the 'magnolia;' but, on the whole, it is banished from all 'fine gardens.' To nail every shoot of it to the wall, with a multitude of nail and red shreds, is like putting a plant in a straight waistcoat. It must have liberty. There are three modes of growing honeysuckles apart from anything like masonry; for, as a hedge or bush and a pole or pillar plant, it is exceedingly well adapted. Whenever it may be desired to have a hedge of honeysuckle, either for its own sake or as a screen or a division, construct a slight kind of railing or paling, plant the honeysuckles about a yard apart or less, if you think proper.
Planted in good soil they will grow vigorously, and as they progress they will require training; that is, do not allow half-a-dozen young shoots to coil themselves into a cable, but guide them, either by tacking or tying, so that the whole of the woodwork may soon be covered. When this is done it will require no farther care than to reduce extravagant growths to something like order. Never mind symmetry, and there must be no clipping of shears; let it grow in its own natural way. A hedge of honeysuckle is one of the most beautiful sights in the world. Perhaps the Dutch honeysuckle, with its various tints of blossom (owing to the mutation of color each blossom undergoes), is the best for this purpose. Bush honeysuckles are charming objects for the fronts of shrubberies, however choice. To form bushes, place three stout stakes triangle-wise, at about two feet apart and from two feet to a yard high. Put on a good plant in the center, or one at each corner, and as they grow, coil the shoots or 'bine' round the stakes. They will soon make fine globular bushes, and will, with very little pruning, maintain their shape when the supports are gone. Pillar honeysuckles are very telling objects in the backgrounds of shrubberies and such places.
Strong rough poles, from eight to twelve feet high are placed as supports here and there in the background, among shrubs. To these the plants are put; they soon run up to the top, and then fall over in wild bold masses - very beautiful. The trumpet honeysuckles are more delicate in habit, and do best in the most select spots, in the front of choice shrubs, supported with neat stakes from four to five feet high. The Loni-cera flexuosa or L. Japonica, is evergreen, and has a habit unlike that of any other kind; the delightfully scented blooms are axillary, in pairs, not terminal, like most others. This is the quickest growing shrub I am familiar with, running from twelve to twenty feet high in a single season. It will grow (but not flower) in any situation, and is charming for covering unsightly gables and buildings. It will soon cover almost any amount of wall, on which, when covered, the branches should be left to grow naturally. A dead tree, especially one with horizontal branches, produces a fine effect when covered with this kind; let it be tacked or tied when growing to most of the main branches, and then let it alone; the long flexible shoots will hang to the ground in every direction.