This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Pears are now selling at John Taylkr's, (confectioner,) in Broadway, New-York, which were imported by the steamer from France. They are labelled Bon Chretien and Poire de Libra. They are not of very good quality, and may be the Spanish Bon Chretien and common Pound Pear. They are sold on the counter at 12 1/2 cents each. They came packed in 6traw, and were fourteen days on the passage. I was told that a "good many" decayed, and there was not much made by the speculation.
If our home supply of winter pears should ever exceed the home demand, there will be no doubt of the practicability of exporting them. But very few persons will pay 12 1/2 cents here for any sort of pear, and then only for a short time, when there might be a scarcity of any fresh fruit. But it is a standing retail price in England, at which large quantities may be sold. The usual quotation for pears in the Covent Garden Market Report, in winter, is "4 to 12s. a dozen" - that is $1 to $8. I saw pears, (Lou- ise Bonne of Jersey, Duchesse d'Angouleme, and Glout Morceau,) brought from France, selling in Edinburgh and Glasgow, first of October, 1850, at 6d - (12 1/2 cts.) each. At the same time and places, the price of peaches was 3* to 4* a pound - 6 to 8 cents each. They were of what we should call in New-York, middling size and quality. Apples at the same time were
4 to 8 cents ft pound - small Ribstone Pippins 4 cents each, small nectarines, (very poor,) 4 cents each. Yours. O. Southside. Staten-Islandj Jan., 1851.