The view down a valley from the house site is always more restful if framed by plantings on the slopes. In arranging the plants place the dwarfer kinds to the base and graduate the height to the top where the trees should predominate.
Belt plantations (Fig. 94) are always appropriate where it is necessary to create the scene within the grounds or where privacy is desired. When the surroundings are pleasingly planted or the natural conditions are such that the premises under consideration should be treated as a part of a general scheme, then the belt planting must not be continuous but broken to such an extent that it will blend harmoniously with what is already established.
Boundary or belt plantations (Fig. 95 on key page 104) should always be more or less sinuous, according to the area of the space we have to work with. Even on the smallest properties the irregular compound curved line is more pleasing than a straight one. The border should always be of greater depth at the corners, for it is here that we should have the greatest height. On small properties the corner plantings become a part of the framework for the residence. Where the area of the grounds is large the border may be extended well into the lawn at points and the bays thus formed will give an idea of greater distance looking from the house.
Border plantations are too frequently very regular and flat when shrubs alone are used (Fig. 96). The effect is especially displeasing when they stand out alone against the open with no background. It is well, therefore, to consider the skyline and introduce trees of various kinds at intervals. If the border is small choose the best of the dwarf sorts, and have the necessary height and variety of contour. In larger borders trees of greater dimensions should be used. A good choice may be made from among the following: Red Maple, Ash, Sugar Maple, Scarlet Oak and Sweet Gum. In addition to height and contour, all of these trees are noted for their splendid Autumn coloring.
Large growing trees introduced into the border make it necessary to select shade enduring shrubs to plant under and near them. For such a purpose use Aralia pentaphylla, Weigelas, Viburnum cassi-noides, V. nudum, V. cotinifolium and V. acerifolium, Cornus alter-nifolia and C. paniculata, Hamamelis virginica, Ceanothus americana and broad-leaved evergreens (Fig. 97).
Edge the border planting with perennials, annuals and bulbs (Fig. 98), so that the season of bloom may be continuous from early Spring until late Fall. Keep away from bedding Tulips and other bulbs of a like nature in the border. Use Daffodils, Darwin Tulips and similar kinds that may be planted in clumps for naturalistic effect.