Black Monukka.—Bunches very large, and well set; ovate, and broadly shouldered. Berries of an oblong-ovate shape, like those of the Finger Grape, dark red or nearly black, and set on long slender stalks, which are very brittle. Skin very thin, adhering so closely to the flesh as to be inseparable when the fruit is eaten. Flesh very firm and crisp, juicy, sweet, and nicely flavoured. The berries are stoneless.

This is a strong, vigorous-growing vine, and very productive.

Barbarossa (Brizzola; Rossea; Prince Albert).— Bunches twelve to eighteen inches long, shouldered, tapering, and compact. Berries round, inclining to oval. Skin tough, but not thick, of a deep black colour, covered with thin bloom. Flesh tender, juicy, and of good flavour, though not rich. A valuable late grape, hanging all the winter; and requires the aid of artificial heat to ripen it. The vine is a bad bearer, except in poor soils.

Barbaroux. See Gromier du Cantal.

Bar-sur-Aube. See Early Chasselas.

Bec d'Oiseau. See Cornichon Blanc.

Bidwill's Seedling.—This variety, raised at Exeter, has a considerable resemblance to Black Prince, of which it is probably another form. It ripens very well against a wall in the west of England by the end of October.

Black Alicante. See Black Prince.

Black Burgundy. See Black Cluster.

Black Champion (Champion Hamburgh).—Bunches with short, thick stalks, not shouldered, thickly set. Berries large, roundish-oval. Skin thin, black, or dark purple, covered with fine thin bloom. Flesh tender, but somewhat firm, very juicy, rich, and sweet; having rarely any stones, or more than one. This is about a fortnight earlier than Black Hamburgh in the same house, and always colours better and more freely than that variety; the berry is also more oval, and the wood shorter jointed. Ripens in a cool vinery.

Black Cluster (Auvergne; Auvernat; Black Burgundy; Black Morillon; Burgundy; Blauer Clavner; Early Black; Morillon Noir; Pineau; Schwarzer Riessling).— Bunches small, very compact, cylindrical, and occasionally shouldered. Berries generally oval, inclining to roundish. Skin thin, blue-black, covered with blue bloom. Flesh juicy, sweet, and richly flavoured. Ripens well against a wall in the open air, and is one of the best for this purpose. The bunches are larger than those of. Miller's Burgundy. This is one of the varieties most extensively cultivated for wine on the Rhine and the Moselle, and it also furnishes the greater part of the Champagne and Burgundy wines.

Black Constantia. See Purple Constantia.

Black Corinth (Currant; Corinthe Noir; Passolina Nera; Aiga Passera; Zante).—Bunches compact, small, and short. Berries small and round, not larger than a pea, with some larger ones interspersed. Skin thin, black, and covered with blue bloom. Flesh juicy, sweet, richly flavoured, and without stones. Requires the heat of a vinery. This variety furnishes the "Currants" of commerce.

Black Damascus (Worksop Manor).—Bunches large and loose. Berries large and round, interspersed with others of small size. Skin thin, but tough, of a deep black colour. Flesh juicy, sweet, and richly flavoured. A first-rate late grape, requiring the heat of a hothouse to bring it to perfection.

Black Frontignan (Muscat Noir; Muscat Noir Ordinaire; Sir William Rowley's Black).—Bunches pretty large, cylindrical, somewhat loose, and occasion-ally shouldered. Berries small, round, and unequal in size. Skin thin, blue-black, and covered with blue bloom. Flesh firm, red, and juicy, with a rich vinous and musky flavour. Ripens against a wall in favourable situations and in warm seasons; but is generally grown in a vinery.

Black Hamburgh (Hampton Court; Knevett's Black Hamburgh; Red Hamburgh; Warner's Hamburgh; Blauer Trollinger; Maroquin d'Espagne).— Bunches large, broadly shouldered, conical, and well set. Berries roundish-oval. Skin thin, but membranous, deep blue-black, covered with blue bloom. Flesh rather firm, but tender, very juicy, rich, sugary, and highly flavoured.

This highly-popular grape succeeds under every form of vine culture. It ripens against a wall, in favourable situations, in the open air. It succeeds well in a cool vinery; and it is equally well adapted for forcing. The vine is a free bearer; and the fruit will hang, under good management, till January and February.

Black July (Early Black July; July; Madeleine; Madeleine Noir; Morillon Hatif; Raisin Precoce; De St. Jean; August Traube; Jacob's Traube):— Bunches small and cylindrical. Berries small and round. Skin thick, deep purple, covered with blue bloom. Flesh sweet and juicy, but not highly flavoured. Its chief recommendation is its great earliness, and the facility with which it ripens against a wall in the open air. The flowers are tender, and, consequently, unless grown in a cool vinery, the bunches are loose, and the berries thin; but when protected, the plant produces close, compact bunches, and is an excellent bearer. Although this is the earliest grape, it is not so highly flavoured as Black Cluster and Miller's Burgundy.

Black Lisbon. See Black Prince.

Black Lombardy. See West's St. Peter's.

Black Morillon. See Black Cluster.

Black Morocco. See Morocco,

Black Muscadel. See Morocco.

Black Muscadine (Black Chasselas; Chasselas Noir). —Bunches medium sized, compact. Berries about medium sized, round, inclining to oval. Skin thick, deep purplish-black, covered with blue bloom. Flesh juicy, sweet, sugary, and richly flavoured. When well ripened, this is an excellent grape, and has a trace of musky aroma in its flavour; but, to obtain it thus, it requires to be grown in a warm vinery.

Black Muscat of Alexandria (Red Muscat of Alex-andria).—Bunches large and shouldered. Berries large and oval. Skin thick, dark reddish-purple. Flesh firm and crackling, with a rich, sugary, and musky flavour. A first-rate grape. The berries arc rather smaller than those of the White Muscat of Alexandria, but are equally rich in flavour, and ripen more easily. It may be grown either in a warm vinery, or a hothouse; but the latter is not indispensable.

Black Palestine. See Black St. Peter's. Black Portugal. See Black Prince.

Black Prince (Alicante; Boston; Pocock's Damascus; Sir A. Pytche's Black; Steward's Black Prince; Blauer von Alicant; Alicantenwein). — Bunches long, and generally without shoulders; but occasionally shouldered. Berries above medium size, oval. Skin thick, deep purplish-black, covered with thick blue bloom. Flesh white, or greenish, tender, very juicy, with a rich, sugary, and sprightly flavour. The seed-bearing string (placenta), which is drawn out when the berry is separated from the stalk, has a crimson streak in it. This is a grape of first-rate quality, ripens well in a cool vinery, or against a wall, in favourable situations; and always colours well. The vine is a good bearer; the leaves in autumn die off, beautifully variegated with red, green, and yellow.

This is the Alicant and Black Spanish of Speechly, and, according to him, it is also called Lombardy; but the true Black Spanish is Black St. Peter's, and it is sometimes called Alicante. It is also the Blauer von Alicante of Fintlemann, and the Alicantweine of Christ.

Black St. Peter's (Alicante; Black Lisbon; Black Portugal; Black Palestine: Black Spanish; Black Valentia; St. Peters; Espagne Noir; Sanct Peters Traube; Schwarzer Spanischer).—Bunches large and long, sometimes shouldered. Berries above medium size, round. Skin thin, deep blue-black, and covered with bloom. Flesh tender, juicy, and with a rich, brisk flavour. An excellent late grape that will hang till March. It requires to be grown in a warm vinery; but will not bear much forcing, otherwise the berries are liable to crack.

Blacksmith's White Cluster. See Scotch White Cluster.

Black Spanish. See Black Prince.

Black Spanish. See Black St. Peter's.

Black Sweetwater (WaterzoetNoir).—Bunches small, short, and compact. Berries round. Skin very thin, and black. Flesh tender, juicy, and very sweet; but has little aroma or richness. This succeeds well against a wall, where it ripens early, or in a cool vinery; but it is impatient of forcing, and the berries are liable to crack when subjected to too much heat.

Black Tripoli.—The Black Tripoli grown at Welbeck since the time of Speechly has long been considered a distinct variety. By some it has been stated to be identical with the Black Hamburgh, and others have as distinctly asserted that it is totally different from that variety. When it is considered that there are two varieties of grapes cultivated in the country under the name of Black Hamburgh, this diversity of opinion is easily accounted for. From the true Black Hamburgh it is certainly distinct; but with the Frankenthal, which is also grown under that name, it is as certainly identical. See Frankenthal.

Black Valentia. See Black St. Peter's.

Blanc Precoce de Kienzheim. See Early Kienz-heim. Blanche. See St. John's.

Blauer von Alicant. See Black Prince.

Blauer Clavner. See Black Cluster.

Blauer Mullerrebe. See Miller's Burgundy.

Blauer Trollinger. See Black Hamburgh.

Blue Frontignan. See Purple Constantia.

Blussard Noir.—Bunches small and rather loose, not shouldered. Berries medium sized, roundish-oval. Skin rather thin, black, and covered with bloom. Flesh tender, juicy, sweet, and richly flavoured. The vine is a very strong grower, but a bad bearer. It is earlier than Black Hamburgh.

Boston. See Black Prince. Boudales. See (Eillade.

Bowood Muscat.—This is a seedling raised from Muscat of Alexandria, to which it bears a close resemblance, but it differs from its parent in setting its fruit better, and in being a better bearer, and much earlier. It is an excellent grape.

Brizzola. See Barbarossa.

Buckland Sweetwater.—Bunches large, shouldered, and well set, heart-shaped. Berries large, round, inclining to oval. Skin thin, transparent, pale green, becoming pale amber when ripe. Flesh tender, melting, and very juicy, sweet, and well flavoured. Seeds rarely more than one in each berry. It ripens in a cool vinery.

Burchardt's Amber Cluster. — Bunches medium sized, conical. Berries medium sized, oval. Skin thin, yellowish-white, becoming amber coloured when ripe. Flesh very juicy, rich, and sugary. Earlier than the Royal Muscadine, and a first-rate grape.

Burchardt's Prince.—Bunches long and tapering, larger than those of the Black Prince. Berries medium sized, roundish-oval. Skin thick, of a deep black colour, covered with dense bloom. Flesh firm, juicy, melting, rich, and vinous. An excellent late grape, requiring heat.

Burgundy. See Black Cluster.

Busby's Golden Hamburgh. See Golden Hamburgh.