This section is from the "The Fruit Manual; Containing The Descriptions and synonymes of the fruits and fruit trees commonly met with in the gardens & orchards of Great Britain, with selected lists of those most worthy of cultivation" book, by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual
St. Jean. See Black July.
St. John's (Raisin de St. Jean; Joannec; Joannenc;
Blanche; Lashmar's Seedling; Macready's Early White). —Bunches about five inches long, with a very long stalk, loose, and with many undeveloped berries. Berries medium sized, roundish oval. Skin thin, and green. Flesh very thin and watery, and though without much flavour is agreeable and refreshing. It ripens against a wall in the open air, and is well adapted for this mode of cultivation.
St. Peter's. See Black St. Peter's.
Schiras (Ciras; Scyras; Sirrah; Sirac).—Bunches, long, loose, and shouldered. Berries large, oval. Skin thick, reddish-purple, covered with blue bloom. Flesh rather firm and juicy; juice pale red, sugary, and with a delicious aroma. Ripens in a cool vinery; and is as early as the Royal Muscadine.
This fine, large, oval, black grape is that which is grown almost exclusively in the vineyards of the Hermitage, and furnishes the celebrated Hermitage wine. It is said to have been originally introduced from Schiraz, in Persia, by one of the hermits who formerly resided there.
Schwarzer Riessling. See Black Cluster.
Scotch White Cluster (Blacksmith's White Cluster; Laan Hatif; Van der Laan Precoce; Diamant).— Bunches medium sized, very compact. Berries somewhat oval, or roundish oval. Skin white, covered with thin bloom. Flesh tender and juicy, sweet and richly flavoured. This is a very hardy grape, an excellent bearer, and ripens its fruit against a wall in the open air.
Singleton. See Catawba.
Sir A. Pytche's. See Black Prince.
Sir W. Rowley's Black. See Black Frontignan.
Snow's Muscat Hamburgh. See Muscat Hamburgh.
Steward's Black Prince. See Black Prince.
Stillward's Sweetwater. See White Sweetwater.
Stockwood Park Hamburgh. See Golden Hamburgh.
Stoneless Round-berried. See White Corinth.
Striped Muscadine. See Aleppo.
Syrian (Palestine; Jew's; Terre de la Promise).— Bunches immensely large, broad-shouldered, and conical. Berries large, oval. Skin thick, greenish-white, changing to pale yellow when quite ripe. Flesh firm and crackling, sweet, and, when well ripened, of good flavour.
This is a very good late grape, and generally produces bunches weighing from 7 lbs. to 10 lbs.; but, to obtain the fruit in its greatest excellence, the vine requires to be grown in a hothouse, and planted in very shallow, dry, sandy soil. Speechly states that he grew a bunch at Welbeck weighing 20 lbs., and measuring 21f inches long and 19½ inches across the shoulders. It is a strong grower and an abundant bearer.