The plants in the following three groups have been separated and grouped because of the interesting colour effects of the foliage. The most important factor in selecting plants for the autumn colouration of their foliage is to select material which will provide a succession of colour from early fall to late fall. The colours produced by the foliage of the different types are indicated after each type.

A. Early:

Acer ginnala (scarlet) Siberian Maple

Acer negundo (yellow) Box Elder

Acer rubrum (scarlet) Red Maple

Acer saccharum (red) Sugar Maple

Betula lutea (yellow) Yellow Birch

Betula nigra (yellow) Red Birch

Cercidiphyllum japonicum (yellow to crimson) Kadsura Tree

Cercis canadensis (yellow) Red-bud

Chionanthus virginica (yellow) White Fringe

Koelreuteria paniculata (yellow) Varnish Tree

Liquidambar styraciflua (scarlet)

Sweet Gum Liriodendron tulipifera (yellow)

Tulip Tree

Oxydendrum arboreum (scarlet)

Sourwood Platanus orientalis (yellow)

Oriental Plane Rhus typhina (scarlet)

Staghorn Sumac

Sassafras officinale (orange and scarlet)

Common Sassafras Ulmus americana (yellow)

American Elm

B. Medium:

Acer palmatum (red)

Japanese Maple Amelanchier (bright yellow)


Ampelopsis quinquefolia (red) Virginia Creeper

Berberis thunbergi (scarlet) Thunberg's Japanese Barberry

Carpinus caroliniana (orange) American Hornbeam

Cotoneaster (in variety) (red) Cotoneaster

Crataegus (in variety) (orange to red) Thorn

Fraxinus americana (yellow) White Ash

Carya alba (rich brown) Hickory

Hydrangea quercifolia (yellow) Oak-leaved Hydrangea

Nyssa sylvatica (red) Tupelo

Quercus rubra (red)

Red Oak Quercus velutina (orange and red) Black Oak

Rhus canadensis (red) Fragrant Sumac

Ribes aureum (yellow)

Flowering Currant Vaccinium corymbosum (crimson)

High-bush Blueberry Viburnum acerifolium (purple)

Maple-leaved Viburnum

Viburnum dentatum (red) Arrow-wood