Our only safe guide in the selection of plant types for the extreme exposures along the northeast coast is the experience of those who have endeavoured to acclimate a wide range of plant materials. These plants have proved thoroughly hardy, but it is possible that other plants which may be tested out in other locations or in the future will prove equally as hardy.

a. Deciduous trees:

Acer rubrum

Red Maple Betula papyrifera

Paper Birch Betula populifolia

American White Birch

Populus alba White Poplar

Populus balsamifera Balsam Poplar

Populus deltoides monilifera Northern Cottonwood

Populus nigra italica

Lombardy Poplar Prunus serotina

Wild Black Cherry Quercus rubra

Red Oak Salix alba

White Willow

Salix lucida Shining Willow b. Conifers:

Juniperus prostrata Dwarf Savin

Juniperus virginiana (native forms) Red Cedar

Larix laricina

Tamarack Picea alba

White Spruce Picea pungens glauca

Koster's Blue Spruce

Picea rubra Red Spruce

Pinus banksiana Jack Pine

Pinus montana

Swiss Mountain Pine Pinus resinosa

Red Pine

Pinus rigida Pitch Pine c. Shrubs:

Alnus incana

Speckled Alder Alnus rugosa serrulata

Smooth Alder Ampelopsis quinquefolia

Virginia Creeper

Baccharis halimifolia Groundsel Bush

Berberis thunbergi

Thunberg's Japanese Barberry Chamaedaphne calyculata

Leather-leaf Comptonia asplenifolia

Sweet Fern

Hippophae rhamnoides Sea Buckthorn

Hydrangea arborescens grandiflora Large-flowered Wild Hydrangea

Ilex verticillata Winterberry

Ligustrum ibota regelianum Regel's Privet

Ligustrum vulgare

European Privet Lonicera tatarica

Tartarian Honeysuckle Lycium barbarum

African Matrimony Vine

Lyonia ligustrina Andromeda

Myrica cerifera Bayberry

Nemopanthus mucronaia Mountain Holly

Prunus maritima Beach Plum

Rhus glabra Smooth Sumac

Rhus typhina

Staghorn Sumac Rosa lucida

Glossy Rose

Rosa rugosa Japanese Rose

Rosa setigera Prairie Rose

Sambucus canadensis

American Elder Shepherdia canadensis

Canadian Buffalo Berry Spiraea salicifolia

Meadowsweet Viburnum cassinoides

Withe-rod Viburnum dentatum

Arrow-wood