These magnificent evergreens are unhappily too tender to grow in the open air, in northern climes, except in favoured localities. One sees glorious bushes of them, however, in Cornish gardens, where they are as beautiful as Rhododendrons. The species Sasanqua may be grown on a warm wall, and covered with a mat in severe weather. It has white flowers, but there are varieties with single red, double pink and double white flowers. A fertile compost of good loam with leaf mould should be provided.
Planters should be guarded in accepting advice to plant Camellias in cold places, which is based mainly on successes achieved under special conditions, as in Cornwall and mild parts of the Thames Valley. It is, however, the fact that examples of success can be quoted in which the conditions are not favourable, and some suggest planting in the open rather than against walls in order that the wood may become well matured; nevertheless, cold places should not be chosen, for Camellias bloom early and the flowers might be injured when the plant was not. In Cornwall varieties of japonica make splendid bushes up to eighteen feet high. Reticulata is also finely represented; this species has very large semi-double rose flowers. Donckelaari is one of the best varieties of japonica.