The Banksian Roses are little pruned. Hard cutting means wood, but not bloom. What is required is a good supply of long, strong, well ripened shoots, therefore systematic cutting back is not advisable. Thinning may be resorted to if the trees threaten to become crowded, and in this case the oldest wood may be cut right out to give room for new wood, which will bloom well when mature.

If there is abundance of strong young wood, and plenty of room for it to grow and ripen, the flowered side shoots on the ripe wood may be cut clean out; but if there is any deficiency they may be spurred back to two or three eyes, in order to secure fresh flowering growths from the same cane.

Unless young, ripe, flowering canes are scarce, it is not advisable to bloom a mature cane more than twice, and it is particularly necessary to guard against a tree becoming a thicket of old, gnarled, barkbound wood.

The pruning of pot Roses will be dealt with in a special chapter on pot Roses.