In diseases of the intestine special conditions are met with in which neither the ordinary way of feeding nor rectal alimentation is possible.

1 Leube: Leyden's "Handbucb der Ernahrungstherapie," Bd. i., p. 508, Leipsic, 1897.

Here an attempt must be made to introduce nourishment subcutaneously. Most food substances cannot be introduced under the skin without inflicting more or less injury. Two substances only form an exception and are of practical value: (a) Olive oil. This can be injected subcutaneously to the amount of one ounce twice or three times a day. It is hardly necessary to say that the oil as well as the syringe used for this purpose should be thoroughly sterilized. A large-sized Pravaz syringe is employed, and but little pressure exerted while injecting. This precaution is necessary in order to obviate any traumatism (tearing) of the tissues. The best place for the injection is the thigh, {b) Water. A saline solution is subcutaneously injected in amounts varying from one pint to a quart. This serves to increase the amount of fluid in the system. The injection is made by means of the fountain syringe to the end of which an aspirating needle is attached. The same precautions as above are necessary. The saline injection may be employed twice or three times a day if necessary.