This is a malignant contagious fever, attended with a violent heat, thirst, anxiety, and other grievous symp-toms, together with buboes and carbuncles, commonly called plague fores; as also with black and blue marks on the skin like the wales of a whip. The description of this dreadful need not be more particular, for whenever it appears, the alarm is general, insomuch that it is not liable to be mistaken; as soon as ever the patient feels a faintness with a pain at the stomach, give a vomit as soon as possible; which may crush the disease in the bud; then pour boiling water on two drams of Virginian snake-root, and when it has flood a little pour it off; then put in a glass of strong alexiterial water with vinegar, and let the patient sup it pretty hot in bed to promote a sweat: rue, betony, garlick and juniper berries steeped in vinegar, and given to the patient now and then by spoonfuls, has caused many to escape; as also the following electary: "Take "rob of elder-berries, and honey, of each half a pound, of "gunpowder an ounce, of camphire a dram; mix them; the "dose is a dram or two." When the buboes appear soon it is a good sign, and cupping glasses should be fixt upon them to draw them out; or a blister may be applied thereto : they should be opened with a lancet before they are quite ripe, and then cleansed with ointment of gum elemi, mixt with basilicon. Carbuncles should be treated with digestives till the crust falls off, and then with Egyptian ointment; if they mortify, they must be scarified and dressed with four ounces of spirit of wine, two drams of camphire, one dram of saffron, and as much artificial nitre made with sal ammoniac and spirit of nitre, for this will dissolve entirely in spirit of wine: in general, the patient should neither be kept too warm, nor too cold.