This section is from the book "The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine. Volume 2.", by J. H. Kellogg, M.D.. Also available from Amazon: The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine, Volume 2.
High fever; chilliness; severe headache; pain in the muscles and Joints; dark colored urine; profuse sweating; discharge from the nose, at first watery, then profuse, viscid, and finally greenish; eruption of the face, known as "farcy-buds," which become ulcers.
This disease is generally contracted from horses. Both the mucous membrane and the skin are affected. The term glanders is applied to the disease when it affects the mucous membrane, and farcy when it affects chiefly the skin. Red, warty growths affect the skin when it makes its appearance, which are known as farcy-buds. In horses the disease frequently affects the lungs, when it very closely imitates what is termed "heaves," the horse having a short, smothered cough, and being troubled with shortness of breath. Great care should be exercised to avoid exposure and contamination with the discharge from the nostrils of horses, whether they are known to have glanders or not. Horses that are discovered to be subject to the disease should be at once destroyed, and everything which has been used about them should be thoroughly disinfected by the burning of sulphur. The stalls, manger, harness, blanket, and everything employed about them should be thus treated.
After the system has once become thoroughly infected with this disease there is 'no known means by which a cure can be effected, though much can be done to palliate the patient's condition and prolong his life. Great care should of course be taken to prevent communication of the disease to others.
When a person in handling a horse suffering with glanders gets any of the matter into a crack of the skin or upon the raw surface, the same measures should be taken as have been recommended for the bite of a mad dog; that is, the parts should be cut out or cauterized, or measures should be employed.
When the disease first makes its appearance in the nose, the nasal cavity should be washed out twice a day by means of the nasal douche, with a solution of chlorate of zinc in the proportion of two to six grains to the ounce of water.