The Symptoms of Nosebleed or Epistaxis

Stoppage of the nose; sensation of pressure in the lower part of the forehead just above the nose; blood flowing from one or both nostrils; sometimes the blood is conveyed into the throat and expectorated instead of proceeding from the nostrils.

The Cause of Nosebleed or Epistaxis

Hemorrhage from the mucous membrane of the nose is a very frequent result of chronic catarrh in which there is sometimes more or less congestion of the mucous membrane. It also frequently accompanies polypus, especially when ulcers are present. These hemorrhages are of trivial importance, however, and usually stop in a short time of themselves. The most serious cases are those in which there is a morbid tendency to hemorrhage, particularly in persons suffering with hemorrhagic diathesis. The hemorrhage may be excited by some violence, as a blow upon the nose, picking the nose, or thrusting something into it. In persons who have a predisposition to hemorrhage, it may result from eating a hearty meal, drinking tea and coffee or other hot drinks, making violent efforts of any kind, as in running, laughing, or holding the breath. In some persons, hemorrhage from the nose is so easily excited that it is of very frequent occurrence, and is a source of great detriment to the health, and may even shorten life. As a general rule, hemorrhage from the nose be comes more obstinate as it is more prolonged, and although the bleeding is not profuse, the patient may suffer great injury on account of the long-continued drain upon the system.