This section is from the book "The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine. Volume 2.", by J. H. Kellogg, M.D.. Also available from Amazon: The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine, Volume 2.
Acute catarrh of the bladder generally recovers of itself in a short time, the patient having good care and proper nursing, and avoiding the causes by which the disease was produced. When it occurs in consequence of exposure to cold, the best remedy is thorough sweating by means of warm packs, or the full bath followed by dry packs. Thorough fomentations to the bowels and the use of large warm enemas in men, and prolonged hot vaginal douches in women, are also very essential measures of treatment. The patient should drink large quantities of water, and should abstain from the use of salt, spices, condiments, and should eat little meat. The latter suggestions also apply to chronic catarrh of the bladder.
Fomentations and frequent warm baths to induce vigorous action of the skin are also useful in chronic cystitis. When there is much pus and blood, it is generally necessary to wash out the bladder thoroughly with tepid water, bran tea, or slippery-elm water, or a solution of golden seal, or some other mild astringent. When the bladder is dilated, the urine should be drawn with a good catheter two or three times a day, and the bladder should be well washed out with a weak solution of carbolic acid. Four or five drops of carbolic acid to the ounce of water or bran tea is about the right proportion. In case of dilatation of the bladder, the patient should learn to use the catheter himself, so that in case the services of a physician cannot readily be secured, he may not be left to suffer. When the bladder is contracted, the patient should retain the urine as long as possible, so as to dilate the contracted walls of the organ. In order to effect a cure, it is often also necessary to stretch the walls of the bladder by means of daily injections with a syphon syringe.