The proper treatment of this disease consists in removing the pressure from the affected surfaces by extension of the limb, or drawing the affected bone partly out of its socket. This may be done either by confining the patient in bed and attaching a weight to the leg of the affected side by means of a pulley and adhesive straps, as in cases of fracture of the thigh, Fig. 373,or by the use of an instrument known as the hip splint, Fig. 396.

Fig. 396. Hip Splint.

Fig. 396. Hip Splint.

The splint is much to be preferred to extension by the weight and pulley, as the latter measure necessitates confinement in bed for a long time, and, in consequence, injury to the general health. The pulley should be removed at night, and alternate hot and cold applications should be made over and about the affected hip Special attention should be given to improvement of the general health by exposure to fresh air and sunshine, by good diet, etc. The treatment of hip-joint disease should always be conducted under the care of a skill ful surgeon. If it Is detected early, an entire cure may take place; but when the disease is considerably advanced, more or less deformity will always remain. In many cases the best that can be hoped for is recovery with a stiff joint. Shortening of the limb takes place in nearly all cases.