This section is from the book "The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine. Volume 2.", by J. H. Kellogg, M.D.. Also available from Amazon: The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine, Volume 2.
With reference to the treatment of this condition, the eminent Lebert remarks, "Drugs, as such, are unnecessary. I give them chiefly to satisfy the patients and their friends." The same plan of treatment may be followed which has been recommended for typhoid fever. Especial attention should be given to the application of cold or ice compresses to the head, as by this means the stupor and delirium will be greatly relieved. The frozen, compress applied as elsewhere directed may be usefully employed.
If the patient bears cold treatment well, compresses and sponge baths at a temperature of sixty or seventy degrees should be employed as far as possible to keep the fever subdued. The cold enema should be resorted to whenever other measures fail to give prompt relief. If the patient is very restless, a warm bath or warm blanket pack may be employed, the head being kept cool during the application by the ice-cap or rubbing with ice. The same care respecting diet, ventilation, disinfection, etc., should be observed as directed for typhoid fever. After the patient's recovery, the clothing, and everything used about the patient, should be thoroughly disinfected by exposure, in a tight compartment, as, for instance, a bleaching box, to the fumes of burning sulphur. The room in which the patient has been sick, should be disinfected in the most thorough manner. The paper should be removed from the walls, carpet from the floor, and after thorough disinfection with sulphur (see index), should be thoroughly scrubbed and newly whitewashed. These measures should be attended to with very great thoroughness as the disease is a very communicable one.