Under this head it is important to call attention to the following points:

1. The proper time for weaning a healthy infant is at about one year of age. Very weakly children sometimes require longer nursing. The custom practiced by some women of prolonging the nursing period to two years or more is injurious to both mother and child.

2. The process of weaning should be conducted gradually. At the age of eight or ten months the child may be fed bread and milk, or oatmeal porridge once a day, this article being substituted for mother's milk. As it grows older, the preparation of these articles of food may be increased, and some other articles, as perfectly ripe fruit, with now and then a portion of a baked potato, simple soups, etc., may be given. Graham bread should be invariably used in preference to fine flour bread. If necessary, the coarsest of the bran may be sifted out. By the adoption of this plan, at the end of twelve months nursing may be discontinued altogether without the child suffering any serious consequences.

From this time, the diet of the child should still consist chiefly of graham bread and milk, baked potatoes, ripe fruit, and equally simple articles of food. Meat, coarse vegetables, butter, tea and coffee, mustard, pepper and other condiments, pastry, preserves and sweets of all kinds, rich puddings and sauces, dessert, and all articles difficult of digestion, should never be given to young children; indeed, the world would be vastly better off if these articles were rarely if ever taken either by older children or adults. When the child is costive, oatmeal porridge as a principal article of diet is an excellent means of regulating the bowels. In making oatmeal porridge the milk should not be boiled, but should be added after the porridge is done.

3. As a general rule, children should not be weaned in hot weather, as slight changes in diet are often sufficient to produce serious disturbances at this season of the year.