Symptoms

Burning pain in the mouth, oesophagus and stomach, colicky pains, cramps in the legs, vomiting, collapse.

If death, usually within twenty-four hours.

Chemical Antidotes

Chalk, lime water, magnesia, mag nesiuni carbonate, ad libitum.

Treatment

Wash out the stomach with warm water or remove its content- by emetics (apomorphine hydrochloride gr. 1-10 hypodermatically, zinc sulphate two grams, or a tablespoonful of mustard to a wineglass of water) repeated in fifteen minutes, if necessary. Keep up the body temperature with dry heat applications. Use morphine hypodermatically for the pain. Counteract the depression with strychnine hypodermatically. should there be insufficient response to this, give one c. c. of adrenalin or suprarenalin solution ( 1 to 1,000) intramuscularly and follow with atropine hypodermatically. If stimulation must be kept up, use a saturated solution of camphor in olive oil, one c. c, intramuscularly pro re nata until such time as strychnine may be repeated with safety. Allay the thirst and soothe the mucous membranes by the unrestricted use of any demulcent liquid that may be desired. Milk, albumin water and starch water are suitable.

Sequelae

Gastritis, renal inflammation, jaundice, stricture of the oesophagus and stomach.