This section is from the book "Materia Medica And Therapeutics Inorganic Substances", by Charles D. F. Phillips. Also available from Amazon: Materia medica and therapeutics.
The intellectual powers are said to be stimulated by gold somewhat in the same manner as by alcohol.
A peculiar febrile condition - "auric fever" - including headache and many of the above-mentioned symptoms, as sweating and diuresis, may supervene if a course of the remedy be continued for two to four weeks, and seems to be analogous to mercurial fever (Niel: Recherches, Paris, 1820, etc.). In animals, general emaciation and convulsive twitchings have preceded death, and besides the evidence of metallic deposition in the tissues, Rabuteau records a yellow coloration of the gastro-intestinal mucous membrane. Large doses of gold compounds may certainly cause gastritis and death, with cramp and other severe nerve-symptoms (Majendie).
Albumen in any form - milk, flour, etc.
As a caustic, the chloride has been used by Landolfi and Recamier in lupus and in carcinoma. Legrand employed it as a caustic in ulceration of the neck of the uterus, and also as a lotion and a vaginal injection (Op. cit.). Mechanically, the gold leaf is employed by dentists for stopping teeth, and by druggists for coating pills.
In former times, when fanciful analogies of color or of accidental qualities largely determined opinion as to the medicinal value of any substance, gold was praised as a remedy for melancholy, and for the dyspepsia often connected with it, and after several centuries of disuse its therapeutical power has been, to some extent, revived mainly by a few French and Italian physicians. The double chloride of gold and sodium is the preparation most recommended; it bears somewhat the same relation to the pure metal as corrosive sublimate does to mercury.