The dried ripe fruit of Coriandrum sativum. Cultivated in Britain.

Characters. - Globular, nearly as large as white pepper, beaked, finely ribbed, yellowish-brown; has an agreeable aromatic odour and flavour.

Composition. - The principal constituents of coriander are an abundant fatty oil, and a small quantity of aromatic oils, one of which is isomeric with Borneo camphor, C10H18O. See Camphora.

Preparation.

Oleum Coriandri. - Obtained by distillation. Yellowish, with the odour of coriander. Dose, 2 to 5 min.

Coriander Fruit and Oil are also contained in a variety of preparations of more important drugs.

Action And Uses

The action and uses of coriander do not differ from those of the aromatic substances just described. Its flavour specially covers the taste of senna and rhubarb.

Forniculi Fructus - Fennel Fruit. - The fruit of Foeniculum dulce. Imported from Malta,

Characters. - About three lines long and one line broad; elliptical, slightly curved, beaked, having eight pale-brown longitudinal ribs, the two lateral being double; taste and odour aromatic.

Substances resrmbling Fennel: Conium, Caraway, Anise. Fennel is larger than Conium, and has eight ribs and often footstalk.

Composition. - Fennel contains an ethereal volatile oil, apparently identical with anethol (see Oleum Anisi, page 255;) united Carni Fructus. .257 with a terpene. It is of a light yellow colour, with the peculiar odour of the fruit.

Preparation. - 1 in 10 by distillation. Dose, 1 to 2 fl.oz.

Action And Uses

Fennel has the same action, and is used for the same purposes as other aromatic substances.

Canii Fructus - Caraway Fruit. - The dried fruit of Carum Carui. Cultivated in England and Germany.

Characters. - Fruit usually separating into two parts, which are about two lines long, curved, tapering at each end, brown, with five paler longitudinal ridges; having an agreeable aromatic odour and spicy taste.

Substances resembling Caraway: Conium, Fennel. Caraway has small ridges and a spicy taste.

Composition. - Volatile oil of caraway, the active constituent of the fruit, is a mixture of caruen, C10Hl6, isomeric with turpentine, and caruol, C10H11O, isomeric with thymol.

Preparations.

1. Aqua Carui

Aqua Carui. 1 in 10. Dose, 1 to 2 fl.oz.

2. Oleum Carui

Oleum Carui. Obtained by distillation. Pale yellow, with aromatic odour and spicy taste. Dose, 2 to 5 min.

Caraway Fruit and Oil are also contained in many preparations of other drugs.