This section is from the book "Materia Medica And Therapeutics: An Introduction to the National Treatment of Disease", by John Mitchell Bruce. Also available from Amazon: The pharmacology and therapeutics of the materia medica.
The dried ripe fruit of Coriandrum sativum. Cultivated in Britain.
Characters. - Globular, nearly as large as white pepper, beaked, finely ribbed, yellowish-brown; has an agreeable aromatic odour and flavour.
Composition. - The principal constituents of coriander are an abundant fatty oil, and a small quantity of aromatic oils, one of which is isomeric with Borneo camphor, C10H18O. See Camphora.
Oleum Coriandri. - Obtained by distillation. Yellowish, with the odour of coriander. Dose, 2 to 5 min.
Coriander Fruit and Oil are also contained in a variety of preparations of more important drugs.
Forniculi Fructus - Fennel Fruit. - The fruit of Foeniculum dulce. Imported from Malta,
Characters. - About three lines long and one line broad; elliptical, slightly curved, beaked, having eight pale-brown longitudinal ribs, the two lateral being double; taste and odour aromatic.
Substances resrmbling Fennel: Conium, Caraway, Anise. Fennel is larger than Conium, and has eight ribs and often footstalk.
Composition. - Fennel contains an ethereal volatile oil, apparently identical with anethol (see Oleum Anisi, page 255;) united Carni Fructus. .257 with a terpene. It is of a light yellow colour, with the peculiar odour of the fruit.
Preparation. - 1 in 10 by distillation. Dose, 1 to 2 fl.oz.
Fennel has the same action, and is used for the same purposes as other aromatic substances.
Canii Fructus - Caraway Fruit. - The dried fruit of Carum Carui. Cultivated in England and Germany.
Characters. - Fruit usually separating into two parts, which are about two lines long, curved, tapering at each end, brown, with five paler longitudinal ridges; having an agreeable aromatic odour and spicy taste.
Substances resembling Caraway: Conium, Fennel. Caraway has small ridges and a spicy taste.
Composition. - Volatile oil of caraway, the active constituent of the fruit, is a mixture of caruen, C10Hl6, isomeric with turpentine, and caruol, C10H11O, isomeric with thymol.
Aqua Carui. 1 in 10. Dose, 1 to 2 fl.oz.
Oleum Carui. Obtained by distillation. Pale yellow, with aromatic odour and spicy taste. Dose, 2 to 5 min.
Caraway Fruit and Oil are also contained in many preparations of other drugs.