Turkish Bath. - The Turkish bath usually consists of three rooms, although frequently there are more. The temperature of the first, or dressing-room, is moderate, that of the second is higher, and that of the third is higher still. In the first room, the bather, after undressing, winds one towel round his loins, and a second round his head in the form of a turban. If he has any tendency to cerebral congestion, the second one may be wet. He then passes into the second room, where he usually waits a short time before passing into the third room. Some people, however, go directly into the third room. In both the second and third rooms the bathers partake freely of cold water. A few minutes' stay in the warmest room is usually sufficient to make the bather perspire freely, and he then returns to the second or cooler room, where he may remain half an hour or more, according to circumstances. He may then be shampooed, the surface of the body being rubbed, the muscles kneaded, and the smaller joints extended. He is next washed with a lather of soap, and sluiced with basins of tepid or warm water. For some people it is most agreeable after this to be simply wrapped in warm towels and allowed to repose in the dressing-room. Others prefer to finish up with a cold douche before proceeding to the dressing-room. Here they remain resting for a considerable time before they again dress. Turkish baths are exceedingly useful in chronic rheumatism and gout, and -in persons suffering from the effects of malaria. The chief objection to the Turkish bath is the length of time that it takes. In some persons it has a weakening effect, but in many others it has none. The chief precautions are not to stay too long in the hot room, and to leave it at once if giddiness or a feeling of tightness in the head comes on. If the skin perspires with difficulty, the necessity for caution in entering the hot room becomes still greater, and it is advisable rather to spend a longer time in the second room, and drink freely of water before entering the hotter room, if, indeed, this be entered at all on the first few times of taking the bath. Persons who suffer from a feeling of exhaustion after a Turkish bath should not take a cold douche nor a plunge into water after perspiring, but should simply allow themselves to cool very gradually, and should take some stimulant, such as coffee or beef-tea, while doing so. Persons who suffer from malaria also should spend a good while in the second room before attempting to enter the third, as the sudden application of heat to the skin and lungs seems to irritate the vaso-motor centres and cause chilliness, or even shivering.