The dried unexpanded flower-buds of Eugenia caryophyllata (Caryophyllus aromaticus). East Indies.

Characters. - About 1/2 an inch long, dark reddish-brown, plump and heavy, consisting of a nearly cylindrical body surmounted by four teeth and a globular head, with a strong fragrant odour, and a bitter spicy pungent taste. It emits oil when indented with the nail.

Composition. - Cloves contain a large quantity of volatile oil, resin, gum, and tannin.

Preparations.

B.P.

Dose.

Infusum Aurantii Compositum ............................................................

.1 2 fl. oz.

" Caryophylli ..........................................................................

.1 2 fl. oz.

Mistura Ferri Aromatica ........................................................................

.1 2 fl. oz.

Oleum Caryophylli ...............................................................................

.1 5 min. or more.

Vinum Opii ..........................................................................................

.10 40 min.

U.S.P.

oleum Caryophylli .............................................................................

Tinctura Lavandulae Compositum .......................................................

1/2 2 fl. dr. (2-8 c.c.)

" Rhei Aromatica .......................................................................

.2-4 fl. dr. (8-15 c.c.)

Syrupus " Aromaticus ...................................................................

1 fl. dr. (4 c.c.)

Vinum Opii .........................................................................................

6 min. (0.4 c.c.)

Action and Use. - Stimulant carminative, used in flatulence, nausea, and atonic dyspepsia, chiefly given along with other medicines to afford an agreeable flavour and prevent griping.