Sarsaparilla, 75; glycyrrhiza, 12; sassafras bark, 10; mezereum, 3; glycerin, 10; alcohol and water, of each, q.s. to make 100 parts.

U.S.P. Syrupus Sarsaparilla Compositus. - Sarsaparilla, 150; guaiacum wood, 20; pale rose, 12; glycyrrhiza, 12; senna, 12; sassafras, 6; anise, 6; gualtheria, 6; sugar, 600; diluted alcohol and water, of each, q.s. to make 1,000 parts.

Action and Uses. - The action of sarsaparilla is very much disputed. Some believe it to be diuretic, tonic, and alterative. Others deny its beneficial action. It has been used a good deal in syphilis, scrofula, chronic rheumatism, gout, and skin diseases, but probably the good effects are due to the drugs with which it is used.

Syrupus sarsaparillae compositus, U.S.P., is a convenient vehicle for iodide of potassium,


Areca. Areca Nut. Not officinal. - The seed of Areca Catechu, the betel-nut tree.

Composition. - Oil, containing an acid in solution, and red tannic matter resembling rhatany-red.

Dose. - As an astringent, 15 to 30 gr. As an anthelmintic, 1/2 to 3/4 oz.

Use. - It is much used in veterinary practice, and occasionally in ordinary practice, as an anthelmintic for tapeworm. It is also astringent, and is used as a masticatory (p. 193).