Barbadoes Aloes. Synonym. - Curacoa Aloes. The inspissated juice of the leaves of Aloe vera (Linne) Webb (nat. ord. Liliaceae).

Habitat

Island of Barbadoes.

Characters

In hard masses, orange-brown, opaque, translucent on the edges; fracture waxy or resinous, somewhat conchoidal; odor saffron-like; taste strongly bitter.

Dose, 1/2 to 10 gr.; .03 to .60 gm.

Aloe Socotrina. Socotrine Aloes

The inspissated juice of the leaves of Aloe Perryi Baker (nat. ord. Liliaceae).

Habitat

Eastern Africa.

Characters

In hard masses, occasionally soft in the interior, opaque, yellowish-brown, orange-brown or dark ruby-red, not greenish, translucent on the edges; fracture resinous, somewhat conchoidal. When breathed upon, it emits a fragrant saffron-like odor. Taste peculiar, strongly bitter.

Solubility

Almost entirely soluble in Alcohol and in 4 parts of boiling water. The aqueous solution becomes turbid on cooling and yields a deposit. Moistened with Alcohol and examined in a thin stratum under the microscope, Socotrine Aloes exhibits numerous crystals. Socotrine Aloes is less deep in color, less opaque, its powder is brighter and more reddish, and its odor is not nearly so disagreeable as that of Barbadoes Aloes. Some specimens of Socotrine Aloes are more or less opaque and liver-colored, and then are called Hepatic Aloes. The variety known as Zanzibar Aloes is included under Socotrine Aloes.

Composition

1) Aloin, see p. 498. (2) A Resin. (3) A trace of Gallic Acid. (4) A trace of a volatile oil giving the odor. Resembling Aloes. - Resins of Jalap, Guaiacum and Catechu.

Dose, 1/2 to 10 gr.; .03 to .60 gm.

Preparations

1. Aloe Purificata. - Purified Aloes. Socotrine Aloes, 1000; Alcohol, 200. Heat, strain, and evaporate.

Characters

In irregular, brittle pieces, of a dull brown or reddish-brown color, and having the peculiar, aromatic odor of Socotrine Aloes. It is almost entirely soluble in Alcohol.

Purified Aloes are contained in Extractum Colocynthidis Composi-tum, Pilulae Rhei Compositae and Tinctura Benzoini Composita.

Dose, 1/2 to 10 gr.; .03 to .60 gm.

2. Extractum Aloes. - Extract of Aloes. Socotrine Aloes; by disintegration by boiling in distilled water; filtration and evaporation.

Dose, 1/2 to 3 gr.; .03 to .20 gm.

3. Pilulae Aloes. - Pills of Aloes. Purified Aloes, 13; Soap, 13 gm.; to make 100 pills. Each pill contains 2 gr.; .13 gm., of Aloes.

Dose, 1 to 4 pills.

4. Pilulae Aloes et Asafcetidae. - Pills of Aloes and Asafetida. Purified Aloes, 9; Asafetida, 9; Soap, 9 gm.; to make 100 pills. Each pill contains 1 1/3 gr.; .09 gm., of Aloes.

Dose, 1 to 5 pills.

5. Pilulae Aloes et Ferri. - Pills of Aloes and Iron. Purified Aloes, 7; Dried Ferrous Sulphate, 7; Aromatic Powder, 7 gm.; Confection of Rose, a sufficient quantity to make 100 pills. Each pill contains about 1 gr.; .07 gm., of Aloes.

Dose, 1 to 4 pills.

6. Pilulae Aloes et Mastiches. - Pills of Aloes and Mastic. Synonym. - Lady Webster's pill. Purified Aloes, 13; Mastic, 4; Red Rose, 3 gm.; to make 100 pills. Each pill contains 2 gr.; .13 gm., of Aloes.

Dose, 1 to 3 pills.

7. Pilulae Aloes et Myrrhae. - Pills of Aloes and Myrrh. Purified Aloes, 13; Myrrh, 6; Aromatic Powder, 4 gm.; Syrup, a sufficient quantity to make 100 pills. Each pill contains 2 gr.; .13 gm., of Aloes.

Dose, 2 to 10 pills.

8. Tinctura Aloes. - Tincture of Aloes. Purified Aloes, 100; Liquorice Root, 200. Macerate with Diluted Alcohol and percolate to 1000.

Dose, 1/4 to 1 fl. dr.; 1. to 4. c.c.

9. Tinctura Aloes et Myrrhae. - Tincture of Aloes and Myrrh. Synonym. - Elixir Proprietatis Paracelsi. Purified Aloes, 100; Myrrh, 100; Liquorice Root, 100. Macerate with Alcohol and Water, and percolate to 1000.

Dose, 1 to 2 1/2 fl. dr.; 4. to 10. c.c.