Sb. =119.6.

1. Antimonii Sulphidum. Antimony Sulphide

Antimonii Sulphidum. Antimony Sulphide. Sb2S3= 335.14. Synonym. - Antimony Trisulphide.

Source

Native Antimony Sulphide purified by fusion, as free from Arsenic as is possible.

Characters

Steel-gray masses of a metallic lustre and a striated crystalline fracture, forming a black or grayish-black, lustreless powder without odor or taste. Solubility. - Insoluble in water or Alcohol.

Preparations

1. Antimonii Sulphidum Purificatum. Purified Antimony Sulphide

Antimonii Sulphidum Purificatum. Purified Antimony Sulphide. Sb2Ss=335.14. Synonym. - Purified Black Antimony.

Source

Antimony Sulphide, 100; purified by Ammonia Water, 50; decanted and dried.

Characters

A heavy, grayish-black, lustreless powder, without odor or taste.

Impurity

Silica.

2. Antimonium Sulphuratum. Sulphurated Antimony

Antimonium Sulphuratum. Sulphurated Antimony. Chiefly Antimony Sulphide (Sb2S3) and with a small amount of Antimony Oxide (Sb2O3). Synonym. - Kermes mineral.

Source

Boiled Purified Antimony Sulphide, 100; and Solution of Soda, 1200. Sb2S3+4NaOH=NaSbO2+Na3SbS3. Precipitate with Sulphuric Acid, wash and dry. NaSbO2+Na3SbS3+2H2So4 =Sb2S3+2Na2So4+2H2O.

Characters

An amorphous reddish-white powder, becoming lighter in color on exposure to light. Solubility. - Insoluble in water or Alcohol.

Sulphurated Antimony is contained in Pilulae Antimonii Composite. See Mercury, p. 212.

Dose, 1/6 to 1 gr.; .01 to .06 gm. a. Antimonii Oxidum. - Antimony Oxide. Sb2O3=287.07. Synonym. - Antimony Trioxide.

Source

Pour a solution of Antimony Chloride into water. Antimony Oxychloride is precipitated. SbCl3+H2O=SbOCl+2HCl. The precipitate is treated with Sodium Carbonate, washed, and dried. 2SbOCl+Na2Co3 =Sb2O3+2NaCl+Co2.

Characters

A heavy grayish-white powder, without odor or taste.

Impurities

Higher oxides.

Dose, 1 to 4 gr.; .06 to .24 gm.

Preparation

Pulvis Antimonialis

Antimonial Powder. Synonym. - James' Powder. Antimony Oxide, 33; Precipitated Calcium Phosphate, 67. Dose, 3 to 15 gr.; .20 to 1.00 gm.

3. Antimonii Et Potassii Tartras. Antimony And Potassium Tartrate

Antimonii Et Potassii Tartras. Antimony And Potassium Tartrate. 2K(SbO)C4H4O6+H2O=662.42. Synonyms. - Tartar Emetic. Tartrated Antimony.

Source

Make a paste of Antimony Trioxide (Sb2O3) with Acid Potassium Tartrate and water. Let it stand twenty-four hours, boil in water, and crystallize. 2Khc4h4o6+Sb2O3=2K(SbO)C4H4O6+H2O.

Characters

Colorless, transparent crystals of the rhombic system, becoming opaque and white on exposure to air; or a white granular powder, having a sweet, afterwards disagreeable metallic taste. Solubility. - In 17 parts of water; insoluble in Alcohol.

Incompatibi.es. - Gallic and tannic acids, most astringent infusions, alkalies, and lead salts.

Impurity

Acid Potassium Tartrate.

Dose, 1/10 to 1/2 gr. .006 to .03 gm. (diaphoretic), 1/2 to 1 gr. .03 to .06 gm. (cardiac depressant), 1 to 2 gr. .06 to .12 gm. (emetic).

Preparations

1. Vinum Antimonii. Wine Of Antimony

Vinum Antimonii. Wine Of Antimony. Antimony and Potassium Tartrate, 4; boiling distilled water, 65; Alcohol, 150; White Wine to 1000.

Dose, 5 to 60 m. \ .30 to 4.00 c.c.

2. Syrupus Scillae Compositus. Compound Syrup Of Squill

Syrupus Scillae Compositus. Compound Syrup Of Squill. Synonym. - Hive Syrup, so called from hives, the old name of croup. Fluid extract of Squill, 80; Fluid extract of Senega, 80; Antimony and Potassium Tartrate, 2; Sugar, 750; Precipitated Calcium Phosphate, 10; water to 1000.

Dose, 5 to 30 m.; .30 to 2.00 c.c.