This section is from the book "Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics", by W. Hale White. Also available from Amazon: Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics..
Milk. - Not official. - The fresh milk of the cow, Bos Taurus. (Ord. Ruminantia.)
Artificial Human Milk. - (Not official.)
Take half a pint 240. c.c. of skimmed milk; heat it to about 96o F.; 35.5o C and put into the warmed milk a piece of rennet an inch 2.5 cm. square, or a teaspoonful 4. c.c. of essence of rennet. Put the milk in a fender, or over a lamp, until it is quite warm. As soon as it is set, remove the rennet, break up the curd into small pieces with a knife, and let it stand for ten or fifteen minutes; the curd will then sink. Then pour the whey into a saucepan and boil quickly. Measure one-third of a pint 160. c.c. of this whey, and dissolve in it, while it is hot, 110 gr. 7. gm. of Sugar of Milk. When this third of a pint 160. c.c. of whey is cold, add to it two-thirds of a pint 320. c.c. of new milk and two teaspoonfuls; 8. c.c. of cream and stir. The food should be made fresh every twelve hours, and warmed as required. Care should be taken to select an essence of rennet which does not make the milk taste.
Artificial human milk is invaluable as a food for infants whose mothers cannot suckle them. Many cases of infantile diarrhoea, indigestion, and sickness can be cured by substituting this milk for the usual milk and water, or infants' food. Some large dairy firms supply it, but it is cheaper to make it at home, and the above directions are easily carried out. When bought it is often sterilized and sold in air-tight bottles. It should be remembered that a long-continued diet of sterilized milk may, in children, cause rickets.