Stillingia. - Synonyms.. - Queen's Root. Queen's Delight. The root of Stillingia sylvalica Linne (nat. ord. Euphorbiaceae).

Habitat

Southern United States, in sandy soil.

Characters

About 30 cm. long, and nearly 5 cm. thick, subcylindri-cal, slightly branched, compact, wrinkled, tough, grayish-brown, breaking with a fibrous fracture, showing a thick bark and porous wood, the inner bark and medullary rays having numerous yellowish-brown resin-cells; odor peculiar, unpleasant; taste bitter, acrid, and pungent.

Composition

1) Sylvacrol, an acrid resin, soluble in Alcohol and Chloroform. (2) Probably a glucoside. (3) Resin. (4) Volatile Oil. (5) Tannic Acid.

Dose, 1/4 to 1 dr.; 1. to 4. gm.

Preparation

Extractum Stillingiae Fluidum. Fluid Extract Of Stillingia

By maceration and percolation with Diluted Alcohol, and evaporation. Dose, 1/4 to 1 fl. dr.; 1. to 4. c.c.

Action And Uses Of Stillingia

Stillingia is in large doses emetic and cathartic, but in smaller ones, alterative. It is a valuable remedy in syphilis and in the cutaneous and hepatic diseases which are benefited by so-called alterative medicines.