The Pods and Seed-Vessels.
The Cayenne most commonly used by Thomsonians is imported from Africa and the West Indies, being more permanent and gently stimulating than the American Cayenne. It is somewhat difficult to get a pure article, such is the propensity to defraud for gain. The African Cayenne is frequently mixed with a cheaper kind, called Bombay, or chilly peppers. Even those who profess to be friends of the Thomsonian system, have been known to mix India meal, ginger, red lead, logwood, etc., with pure Cayenne, when grinding it, and color it with dye-stuffs and red saunders.
Capsicum annuum, (Cayenne) says Hooper, "is one of the strongest and purest stimulants known. This pepper has been successfully employed in a species of the cynanche maligna, (putrid sore throat,) which proved very fatal in the West Indies, resisting the use of the Peruvian bark, wine, and other remedies commonly employed. In ophthalmia from relaxation, the diluted juice is found to be a valuable remedy."
Cayenne is the purest and undoubtedly the most powerful stimulant known, and as stimulation is all important indication to be accomplished in nearly every form of disease, this invaluable article is among the indispensables. Taken into the mouth, it produces a pungent, biting sensation; and if taken in large quantities into an empty stomach, it will frequently occasion considerable distress, so as to be alarming to those unacquainted with it. This is attended with no danger, as it will soon pass away. It should always be given in small doses at first, increasing the quantity according to the emergency of the case. The burning sensation produced by Cayenne may be relieved by taking or applying a small quantity of milk or cream. Cayenne may be used with advantage in all cases of coldness, debility, indigestion, costiveness, and in combination with other medicines in nearly every form of disease to which mankind are subject.
. From one fourth to a whole teaspoonful in hot water, if designed to produce perspiration; if for costiveness, one half teaspoonful in cold water or molasses three or four times a day.