The Bark and Seed Vessels.
(Zanthoxylum americanum and others)
This shrub is found in the Southern, Middle, and Western States, growing in rich and commonly wettish soil, to the height of from ten to fifteen feet. The bark is of an ash color, leaves somewhat similar to those of the elder. The branches are usually prickly, from which it derives its most popular name. The seed-vessels are greenish red; in the autumn they assume a brownish color.
The seed-vessels have a warm, pungent taste, and are an excellent stimulant; the bark of the stem and root are also pungent, but in an inferior degree. It is a valuable remedy in all cases where stimulants are required, as rheumatism, cold hands and feet, ague and fever, etc. The bark is sometimes chewed for the tooth ache.