These cases, either from lack of initiative, ambition, perseverance, or judgment; or through shiftlessness or tactlessness; or a planless, improvident existence, and often in spite of good educational, social, and economic opportunities, make an egregious failure of everything they attempt. The following case is a good example:

W. S., male, aged 44, born in Nassau County, N. Y., both parents being American and belonging to old Long Island families. "Off and on I worked for my brother H., in the hacking business, driving a hack; there was no money in it for me; just worked as long as I got enough to eat and a place to sleep; had also a good many other jobs; worked for about a year for a clothing firm in the city; also was in the plumbing business, steamfitting business, glazing, painting, anything that came along; then went in the brass business; then went into the calcium-light business for a theatre; also the well-driving business. The calcium-light business might have turned out pretty good, but a lot of kikes got into it and beat me out of it. I was married in the fall of 1896, at the age of 24. I had been in the well-driving business all summer; they paid $2.50 a day; but the job lasted only until a week before marriage, and after that I didn't have anything to do for a year." Q. What did you live on? A. "Sympathy, and what little I had." Later he got a job on the Long Island Railroad, but eventually gave it up. Q. Why did you give up that job? A. "Too much work.

I asked for another man to help me; they wouldn't give me one; so I took a vacation and never went back; I had no intention of going back; life is too short and sweet. After that I didn't do much of anything; was baying two summers, doing any old thing that came along during the winter."

Local charitable organization reports: "He has five children ranging from twenty years to fifteen months in age; is known all over town for his laziness; is well and strong, mentally bright, but, on slight provocation, will give up a job gotten for him; often refuses work, demanding three or four dollars a day; at times simply says, ' I will not work.' Lets his wife and son work for the family; wife washes and oldest boy works on ice wagon; has received aid from town, church charities, and private individuals, mainly for his children."

Social worker's description of him is as follows: "Goes about with thick growth of hair on face; will not shave for weeks at a time; will not take a bath or change his clothes; leaves shirts on until they shine with grease; shoes unlaced; when seen by me had one shoe partly tied with a white string, the other unlaced with tongue of shoe dragging along the ground."

When questioned concerning the things that have been reported about him, said: "I have received charity ever since I can remember; suits of clothes, and so on; that's only a case of good fellowship. As for the family having received support from the charities, it was only through their own will; and as far as my wife and son working to support the household, that's a misstatement. Of course, when I wasn't doing anything she would take in some washes to assist; but as for making a business of it, that's not true. I admire a woman who would do a thing like that; that is, more for the benefit of the children and that's all. About the lazy part, I can't tell you anything about it; naturally, I suppose, we are lazy, more or less." 1