Various plans of arrangement have been proposed, and are in use. I prefer to name all diseases as either Inflammations and ToxaEmic disorders, Cachectic affections, Nervous disorders, or Unclassifiable diseases.
Under the first head we place inflammatory attacks affecting Brain (meningitis*), Lungs (pneumonia), Pleura (pleurisy), Air-Passages (laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis), Heart (endocarditis, pericarditis), Tonsils (quinsy), Throat (pharyngitis), Stomach (gastritis), Bowels (enteritis, colitis, dysentery), Peritoneum (peritonitis), Liver (hepatitis), Kidney (nephritis), Bladder (cystitis), etc.
As Toxemic disorders may be mentioned: i. Those caused only by contact or inoculation: Primary Syphilis, Gon-orrhcea, Hydrophobia, Vaccinia. 2. Eruptive diseases, which are contagious: Small-Pox, Chicken-Pox, Scarlet Fever, Measles. 3. Allied affections to the above, but not eruptive, although contagious: Mumps and Whopping-Cough. 4. Diseases generally epidemic or endemic: Typhoid Fever, Typhus, Spotted (cerebro-spinal) Fever, Erysipelas, Puerperal, Fever, Influenza, Diphtheria, Plague, and Cholera. 5. Endemic and occasionally epidemic; Yellow Fever, Relapsing Fever, and Dengue. 6. Endemic and "malarious": INTERMITTENT, REMITTENT, and Pernicious (congestive) Fever.
Of Cachectic affections, a part of the long list will answer our purpose here. 1. Those which are always chronic (prolonged indefinitely, tedious, not tending to recover of themselves): Anaemia, Chlorosis, Leukaemia, General Dropsy, Tuberculosis, Diabetes, Constitutional Syphilis. 2. Acute or subacute (active, and of limited duration): Scurvy, Gout, Inflammatory Rheumatism, Pyaemia, Septic Fever, (septicaemia), etc. 3. Local cachexias (degenerations): as Cancer, Goitre, Brights' Disease (of the kidneys), Fatty Heart, Gin Liver, etc. 4. Skin-Diseases.
Glanders, sometimes taken from the horse, is another of this group.
Physicians often call these exanthemata.
Nervous Disorders may also be only in part named here: Apoplexy, Paralysis (palsy), Epilepsy,[Catalepsy, Hysteria, Chorea (St. Vitus's dance), Tetanus (lock-jaw), Asthma, Angina Pectoris, Locomotor Ataxy (one form of spine-disease), Convulsions, Neuralgia, Delirium Tremens, (mania-a-potu) Insanity.