A new-born child should be bathed only in warm water, in a warm room. From 950 to 900 should be the temperature of its bath; the thermometer had better be used, as the touch is so uncertain. As it gets older, at least if it seems " hearty," the water may be allowed gradually to go down to 850; or, in warm weather, even 8o°. The best test of its not being too cool, is, the infant being rosy and merry after the bath. A child should like its bath, if it is rightly managed; never startling it with a sudden plunge, but accustoming it to it by degrees. A mother had better bathe her own baby, if she is well and strong enough to do so.

One error especially to be avoided is, letting a child, once wet all over, sit half in and half out of the water; being thus chilled by evaporation from the uncovered part of the body.

During our hottest weather, when the thermometer ranges between 940 and 100°, even a young infant may profit by a cool bath, say at 750 or 700; but then it must be a short-time bath also. The cooler, the shorter the time of immersion.

Much soap does not need to be used in bathing infants. If the child be bathed daily, it needs (after its first thorough cleansing) only an occasional employment, unless about the thighs, of a little of the best castile soap. Salt may be added to the bath if the child is weakly, for its tonic effect. In sickness, warm or hot baths may be of great service.