(From Aparthrosis 929 ab,and a joint).

Sec Articui.atio.


(From α, neg. and Apathes 931 an affection, or passion). Those who seem to be void of human passions, instanced in Diogenes the Cynic, and Timon.


(From α, neg. and Apathia 932 to suffer).


Expresses the quality of not feeling, a freedom from the impulses of passion and mental perturbation.


(From Apechema 933 and a sound, apochophema). Properly a repercussion of sound; but in medical sense it signifies a contra-fissure, or fracture.


(From α, neg. and Apeiroi 935 , an experiment).

Unexperienced, unaccustomed.


(From α, priv. and pellis, skin). Shortness of the prepuce. Galen gives this name to all whose prepuce, either through disease, section, or otherwise, will not cover the glands.


(Indian). A sort of bread made with the juice of the ambalam tree and rice in India.


A vessel with a narrow neck to hold oil.


(α, priv. and Apepton 937 to digest). Crude or Indigested.


The wild boar. See Porcus, and Aliment.

Aperiens Palpebra Rum Rectus

See Levator palpebr.e superioris.


Aperients, (from aperio, to open). These are medicines supposed to have the power of opening the mouths of vessels, and clearing vascular or glandular obstructions. In this sense they are synonymous with the anastomatica, deobstruentes, and deop-fiiiativa. But those medicines which render the bowels gently laxative are now generally called aperients; the removal of other obstructions is more confined to the term deobstruents. .

In the writings of the ancient physicians, particularly the practitioners of the Boerhaavian school, aperients were considered as medicines of peculiar importance, and many vegetable substances of little real powers were arranged under this head, and supposed to act in consequence of a saponaceous principle. These are now disregarded; yet modern practice still adheres to some of these in jaundice and hepatic obstructions, though they seem to have little effect, except as gentle laxatives.


(From α, neg.and Aperistaton 938 affliction and danger). An epithet in Galen for an ulcer that is neither troublesome nor dangerous.


(From α, neg. and Aperittos 939 redundant). Such aliment as generates but little excrement. The opposite quality is called perittomaticos.

Ape Rtus

(From aperio, to open). It is used for exulceratus, as in saying an open cancer, etc. in which cases the tumour is ulcerated.