A caruncle. This word is a diminutive from caro, flesh. A caruncle is a small piece of flesh, or an excrescence that hath the appearance of flesh. Thus there are the carunculae lachry-males in the corners of the eyes; the caruncule myrti-jormes, which are at the entrance into the vagina, formed, or rather discovered, by the rupture of the hymen (see Hymen); the papillares carunculae of the kidneys; and a caruncle of the urethra at the orifice, which opens from the vesiculae seminales; besides many others, all which are the productions of nature. The uvula is sometimes called caruncula.

Morbid excrescences of flesh are called caruncles, as well as small portions of a fleshy substance sometimes discharged in a dysentery by stool, or in diseases of the urinary passages by urine.

Excrescences in the urethra arise from its ulcerated or excoriated sides, by sharp corroding matter lodging there: these are often mistaken for the stone, or occasion nephritic symptoms, but are owing to a stricture in the urethra. In this case, when the urine is discharged, it passes from the urethra divided into two or more streams, sometimes only with pain, and in drops; but the only certain proof is. passing a probe or bougie up the urethra, until the obstruction is met with; and if any is found on this side the valve, at the entrance of the bladder, there is reason to suspect caruncles to be the cause. They are cured by the bougie. Bell's Surgery, vol. ii. p. 188.

Caruncula lachrymalis, is situated between the internal angle of the eye lids and the ball of the eye; it is a small reddish oblong substance, and hath the appearance of being fleshy, though it is thought to be glandular. The ancients call it glandula lachrymalis, also glandula innominata. It serves to prevent the internal edges of the lids at that part from coming into contact with one another; and the orifices of the lachrymal points are kept open, so that the tears pass freely through them into the sac.