(From Chelidonia 2048 the swallow, because swallows are said to open the eyes of their young by it; or because it blossoms about the time in which these birds appear.) The greater and lesser celandines. See Chelidonium majus. Chelidonium. See Brionia alba.

Ciielidonium majus, papaver corniculatum luteum, Tetter-wort, and Great Celandine. Chelidonium majus Lin. Sp. Pi. 723.

This plant hath longish leaves, divided to the rib into roundish and indented portions, of which those at the extremities are the largest, of a bright green colour on the upper side, of a bluish green underneath, full of a gold coloured juice, as are likewise the stalks; from the bosoms of the leaves issue longpedicles, bearing clusters of tetrapctalous yellow flowers, which are followed by brownish pods, containing flattish shining black seeds; the root is thick at the top, with a number of fibres at the bottom, externally brownish, internally of a deep yellowish red or a saffron colour: it is perennial, grows wild in hedges and shady places; flowers in May and June.

The leaves and roots have a faint unpleasing smell, and to the taste arc bitter and acrid; they give out then-active matter to spirit and to water: the pungency they possess is not of the volatile kind, for hardly any of it rises in distillation; yet it is lessened by drying the plant, and inspissating infusions of it. Drying wholly dissipates its smell.

It is aperient, diuretic, and useful in the jaundice, when not accompanied with inflammatory symptoms. The fresh juice is used to destroy warts and films in the eyes; but for this latter purpose it is diluted with milk. Of the dried root from 3 ss. to 3 i- is a dose; of the fresh root infused in wine or in water the dose may be about Chelidonia 2049 ss.

The decoction of the fresh root is used in dropsy, cachexy, and cutaneous complaints.

Chelidontum Mlnus, called also scrophularia minor, ficaria minor, chelidonia rotundifolia minor, cursuma, hemorrhoidalis herba, ranunculus vernus, pilewort, and lesser celandine. Ranunculus ficaria Lin. Sp. Pi. 774.

It is a small plant, with roundish smooth shining green leaves, set on long pedicles; and slender procumbent stalks, bearing bright gold coloured solitary flowers of eight or nine petals which stand in three leaved cups, and are followed by clusters of naked seeds; the root consists of slender fibres, with a number of tubercles or little knobs. It is perennial, grows wild in hedges and moist meadows, and flowers in April.

The leaves are antiscorbutic, but are without smell, and have very little taste, though on chewing a slight pungency is perceived. The roots are reckoned a specific, if beat into cataplasms and applied to the piles; they yield a large portion of mucilaginous matter to water, arc supposed to be diuretic, and to clear the skin of tettery eruptions. Raii Synop. et Hist. Othonna has been supposed to be the juice of celandine.