Dioscor

An abbreviation of Pedacii Dioscoridis Opera.

Dioscuri

(From Dioscuri 2976 the sons of Jupiter,

Castor and Pollux: the parotid glans are so named from their equality in shape and position). See Parotides.

Diota

(From Diota 2977 double, and from the ear). The name of a wooden cup, with two ears or handles, lined with aromatics, to give a flavour to the liquor contained in it.

Dioxelaeum

(From Dioxelaeum 2980 acid, and oleum). A malagma of oil and vinegar.

Dioxus

(From Dioxus 2982 and acid). The name of an acid collyrium in Marcellus Empiricus. Diospyros. See Guajacana. Dipcadi. See Bulbus vomitorius. Dipcae'a. See Circaea.

Dipetalus

(From Dipetalus 2984 double, and a petal). Consisting of two petals.

Diphryges

Or Disphryges. Scoriae; (from Diphryges 2986 twice, and to torrefy). There are three kinds; 1st, Metallic, produced only in Cyprus; found in the mud of a pool, whence it is taken and dried in the sun, then burnt; as it were twice roasted. 2d, The dross in working copper. 3d, Pyrites calcined to redness.

Diploe

From Diploe 2988 double, called also meditullium). It is the soft part between the two tables of the bones of the skull.

Diploma

The written instrument which gives authority for physicians to practise. It is usually written on parchment, and folded up; hence its name, from Diploma 2989 to fold. Diplomas are now disgracefully sold by colleges founded for better purposes; and the blockhead, who cannot write a prescription, ranks with a man of the greatest learning and experience. Also a double vessel. To boil in diplomate, is to set one vessel, containing the ingredients intended to be acted upon, in another larger vessel full of water, and to this latter vessel the fire is applied. See Balneum Mariae.

Dipnoos

(From Dipnoos 2992 bis, double, and to breathe). An epithet of wounds which penetrate through some cavity, or quite through a part, or that have two orifices, admitting the air at both ends.

Dipsacon

The teasle, (from Dipsacon 2994 thirst). So called from the concave situation of its leaves, which will hold water, by which the thirst of the traveller may be relieved. See Aspalathus.