(From giant, a nut). See Thymus

Glandula Ceruminis

See Auditorius Meatus.

Glandul.? myrtiformes. When the hymen is torn, the broken fimbriae of the membrane contract and form apparent glands; but their glandular structure has not been ascertained. They are so denominated from their fancied resemblance to myrtle berries.

Glandulae odoriferae, are situated on the inside and at the lower edge of the glans penis; and secreting a fluid, which thickens by stagnation, and acquires a particular offensive smell. These glands are often inflamed in those who have a long prepuce; and emit a matter exactly similar to that which flows from the urethra in gonorrhoea. It is, however, doubtful whether this discharge be venereal.

Glandulae pacchioniae. Small oval fatty bodies in the longitudinal sinus, which are probably not glandular. See Cerebrum.

Glandulae supra renales, and renales. See Capsulae atrabilariae..

Glandulae vasculares. See Cowperi glandulae.

Glanduloso Carneus

(From glandula, a gland, and carncus, fleshy,) an epithet given by Ruysch to some excrescences which he observed in the bladder.


(From glandula, a gland). Botanically it is applied to a leaf, which has minute glands on its surface.


An acorn. It is also a strumous swelling; and a name for a pessary, or a suppository, denominated from its resemblance.

Glans Jovis Theophrasti, (from the same). See; Castana.

Glans penis, (from the same,) balanos, cuspis, and nut . It is formed by the corpus spongiosum urethrae, turned over the corpora cavernosa penis, and covered by a continuation of the integuments. When the cuticle is removed, every little villous body seems a vessel. In the fifth volume of the Edinburgh Medical Essays, a glans penis is said to have been regenerated after amputation; but of this restoration we have many doubts.

Glans unguentaria. See Ben.


(Quasi calastum, from Callia, who is supposed to have first used it). Woad; isatis sativa, vel latifolia; isatis tinctoria Lin. Sp. Pl. 936, is cultivated only for the use of dyers, who obtain from it their best blue; an inferior sort is called by the French vouede. The plant is not used in medicine, though it is said to be astringent, probably because the indigo is supposed to be so; but this foecula is the production of a very different plant, the indigofera tinctoria Lin. Sp. Pl. 1061. (See Indicum.) From the isatis sylvestris a volatile salt hath been obtained by fermentation only. This is a variety of the isatis tinctoria; but it is a plant of the class tetradynamia, many of which afford ammo-nia. See Lewis's Materia Medica. Neumann's Chemical Works.

Glastum Indicum. See Indicum.


(From Glaucium 3910 blue, from its colour).

See Papaver spinosum.

Glaucoma Glaucosis

Or Glaucedo, (from Glaucoma Glaucosis 3911 blue). Mr. Sharp, Operations of Surgery, p. 158 - 163, says, that the glaucoma of the Greeks is the suffusio of the Latins, and the cataract of the present times. (See Cataracta). Woolhouse, Maitre Jean, and M. St. Yves think it a cataract, with a gutta serena; called cataracta glaucoma. In this complication of diseases the operation and all other means are useless, unless to ease pain.