See Covalam.

Capra Alpina

The chamois, called also rupicapra and dorcas, the rock goat. It is met with on the Alps belonging to Switzerland, and in Germany. It is a species of wild goat, in shape and size resembling the tame one, with short horns, the ends of which are hooked. The balls found in their stomachs are called aegagropila and bezoar Germanicum, formed of hairs which they lick. Such are found also in the stomachs of cows, hogs, and stags with us: when taken from ruminating animals, they are called bulithum, or bezoar; from Stags, elaphopila.

Capra domestica. See Caper.

Capra moschi. See Moschus.

Capra Strepsi Ceros,(from Capra Alpina 1691 to turn; so named from his crooked horn). See Antilopus.


Capreolaria, (from caprea, a tendril of a vine ) See Spermatica corda.


A tendril; in anatomy, is the helix of the ear (see Auricula); and in zoology the roe buck, which is also called caprea Plinii, and dor-cas. It is found in Scotland and other parts.

Capricerva Occidenta Lis

(From caper, a goat, and cervus, a stag ). A West Indian deer participating both of the nature of the deer and stag, affording the West Indian bezoar.

Capricerva orientalis. The deer in which the East Indian bezoar is found.


See Plumbum.


(From caper, a goat, and ficus, a Jig; because they are the chief food of goats). See

Ficus Sativa.


(From caprea, a tendril, and folium, a leaf; so called from its tendrils). Honey suckle or woodbine. Also called matrisylva, pericli-menum, chamaecerasus. It is the lonicera periclymenum Lin. Sp. Pi. 247; and is a climbing shrub, common in shady places; for the beauty and sweetness of its flowers it is cultivated in gardens: its medical properties do not recommend it in practice, though some attribute extraordinary efficacy to it. The seeds are highly acrid; and, as their colour is alluring, children are often injured by eating them.


(From capra, a she goat, and mul-geo, to milk; so called because it was supposed to suck the milk from the goats in the night time). It is a large kind of viper, not poisonous.

Capsicum Capsicum

Annuum, (from Capsicum Capsicum 1692 a bag, from the shape of its pods). See Piper Indicum.


(A diminutive, from capsa, a little bag or case, or chest J. In surgery it is a bag made of the broken or distended membrana cellularis, or other membrane, formed by nature to inclose or lodge some extravasated juice, or other matter contained in those tumours called encysted; the same with cystis. But in botany it is the short pod, or husk of a plant, containing the seed. According to the number of cells for seed, the pod is called unicapsular, bicapsular, etc. It has several membranes of which it is composed. 1st, The outer coverings called valvulae. 2d, The partitions, dissepimenta. 3d, Central pillar, columella. 4th, Cells, locutamenta.