(from to soften). The mallow, malva rotundifolia sylvestris Lin. Sp. Pl. 969; sufficiently known. Its leaves and flowers are slightly mucilaginous, have no remarkable smell, and are merely emollient. A conserve is made from the flowers; the leaves are used in decoctions for clysters, for emollient fomentations, and in cataplasms. The roots have been employed as a pectoral: they have a soft sweet taste, resembling that of liquorice, but without any remarkable smell. An extract from the tincture is verv sweet. The leaves possess powers similar to the althea; and their use is superseded for internal purposes by those of the latter. See Raii Historia- Lewis's Materia Medica.
Malva arborea maritima; althea arborea mari-tima, lavatera arborea Lin. Sp. Pl. 972. The mallow tree agrees in virtues with the common mallows. Malva betonicae folio. See Malacoides. Malva rosea folio subrotundo; malva arbo-rescens, malva hortensis, dendromalache, alcea rosea Lin. Sp. Pl. 966. Tree or garden mallow, and the hollyhock. This plant is chiefly cultivated as ornamental in gardens; and in medical virtues is similar, but inferior, to the common mallow.
Malva verbenacea; alcea, alcea vulgaris major, malva alcea Lin. Sp. Pl. 971. Vervain mallow, is distinguished from the common mallow by its leaves being deeply cut at the edges. It is similar to, but less mucilaginous than, the other mallows.
Malva viscus. See Malaviscus and Althaea.