A disease. (See Morbus.) In a strict sense it is applied to the unnatural protrusion of the apple of the eye, called procidentia oculi; consists in an enlargement or profusion of the eye ball, when the eyes exceed the bounds of the eye lids. Its more general meaning is the fruit, apple, which in inflammatory and other febrile complaints is allowed as food when roasted. Sliced and infused in boiling water, apples make a pleasant diluting drink. When thoroughly roasted, the soft pulp is applied to the eve in form of a cataplasm, in cases of ophthalmia, if the eye itself should not be too irritable. Its advantages consist in its very slow communication of heat, in consequence of its texture, so that it continues cold for a long time. See Calidum.
Malum terrae. See Aristolochia rotunda. Malus, (from an apple). The apple tree.
The many sorts of apples known in this country are varieties- only of one species: at least the crab is our only indigenous apple. Our most valuable species are derived from France, as the names import, the pippin (popin), quarington (charenton), nonpareil, etc. Some valuable varieties are, however, derived from these, under our own hands, which it is unnecessary to enumerate. The apple, when raw, is a cold and flatulent food, not suitable to weak stomachs. The wilding of different countries is the origin of the more improved species, and from it a kind of vinegar is made. Its juice is, however, acerb, and not acid; for it hastens rapidly into fermentation, and if this is carefully checked, it becomes a vinous liquor, resembling old hock, which will not by any artifice become vinegar.
Malus punica. The pomegranate. See Belaus-tium and Granata mala.