Apparatus

(From appareo, to appear, or be ready at hand). In surgery it is the collection and regular disposition o'f all the instruments necessary for the exercise of the art,orof any particular operation. The word is applied also to chemistry, and to any art or science where a number of instruments arc necessary to be made use of, either for explaining or performing any process by way of elucidation: more generally, any arrangement for a particular purpose. Murray's Materia Medica is thus called ' Apparatus Medicaminum.'

Apparatus, the greater or lesser. See Lithotomia.

Appendicula Vermiformis Or Cceci

(From appendo, to hang from; vermis; a worm; and forma, shape). On one side of the bottom of the cce-cum lies an appendix resembling a small intestine, nearly of the same length with the ccecum, but more slender. It is so called from its resemblance to an earthworm, and its common diameter is about a quarter of an inch. By one extremity it opens into the bottom of the ccecum, the other extremity is closed. Its structure is like that of the intestines in general; and the internal coat is folliculous and reticular, like that of the duodenum. Its use is not known; it is also called addi-tamentum coli, and by some ecphyas.

Appendiculatus

(From appendo, to hang from). In botany, it means appended to, or hanging at, the extremity. In medicine it means any thing connected.

Appendix

(From appendo, to hang by or to any thing). See Epiphysis and Apophysis. In general, parts connected with others; as Fallopian tubes are appendices of the uterus.

Appensio

(From the same). The suspension of a broken arm in a scarf.

Appetentia Appetites

(From appeto, to Desire). Appetite. In a general sense it is an inclination towards any particular object: but in the common acceptation it is a desire of food or drink. See Hunger and Thirst.

Appeti Tus Caninus

(From appeto, and canis, a dog).- See Boulimus.

Appetitus Erronei, and Deficiextes. See Dyso-hexia.

Apple

See Malum and Pomum; but apple is applied to some English names, which we shall add.

Apple, bitter, the fruit of the Colocynthis, q. v.

Apple, custard. See Annona.

Apple, mad and love. See Solanum.

Apple, oak. An excrescence on oak trees; q. r.

Apple, thorn. See Datura.

Appluda

(From ab, and p/audo, to beat from). The chaff of millet. panicum, and sesamum.

Apprehensio

(Ad, and prehendo, to take of). A name of the catalepsis, also antilepsis.

Apprehensorium

See Antilepsis.

Appropria Tio

(From approprio,to appropriate. That action of the natural heat by which the fluids are so united with the solids of our bodies as to enable them to perform their functions. Medicines are said to be appropriated which are adapted for a particular purpose, or directed to a particular part.

Apronia

(From Apronia 1112 and the top of a hill,) so called, because it grows upon mountains and wild places. See Bryonia nigra.