(From granum, a grain; because full of small seeds). Granatum; mala punica; malum granatum; malicorium; pomegranate: punica granatum Lin. Sp. Pl. 676; is a prickly tree or shrub, with long narrow leaves, deep red flowers, set in bell-shaped cups of the same colour: the fruit is about the size of an orange, with a thick, tough rind, externally brownish, internally yellow, with a juicy pulp, and numerous seeds, called coccones, in cells like a honey comb. It is a native of the south parts of Europe.
The flowers are a mild astringent, similar to those of the wild pomegranate, which are preferred on account of their being larger. The pulp of the ripe fruit is a grateful subacid sweet, and of the same general qualities as the summer fruits. The rind is moderately astringent, called cortex granati; malicorium; psidium, and sidium: it yields its qualities copiously to water, but the flower most freely to spirit. Dr. Cullen asserts, that the strong styptic taste of this bark, and the black colour it strikes with green vitriol, show sufficiently its astringent power; and it is commonly supposed to be among the strongest of this kind. He has frequently found it useful in gargles; in diarrhoeas; and in external applications; nor does he think it, internally used, more dangerous than other astringents. That it can suppress the catamenia, as has been supposed, seems to him very doubtful. Its dose, in powder, is from 3 ss. to 3 i of the infusion, or decoction, an ounce and half. See Raii Hist. Lewis and Cullen's Materia Medica.