This section is from the book "The London Medical Dictionary", by Bartholomew Parr. Also available from Amazon: London Medical Dictionary.
(From musculus, a muscle). See Scapulariae arteriae.
Musoularis venae, A branch of the posterior or upper branch of the external jugular; it spreads in the muscles, which cover the scapula and joint of the humerus. Winslow describes it also as rising from the axillaris.
Winslow denies its existence; but, in fact, it consists of compacted cellular substance, which, in finer ramifications, penetrates between the muscular fibres: in some places this membrane is closely united to the proper membrane of the muscles.
A class of diseases, comprehending external or muscular inflammations.
ML" Stum, (vinum mustum, i. e.-novum, from tener). Must, gleucos. This term usually given to new wine, is now applied to the saccharine juice of several fruits, susceptible of the spirituous fermentation, and particularly of grapes, before its commencement. When boiled till one third is consumed, it is called caraenum; when to one half, defrutum; hep-sema; and when its fermentation hath been prevented, or prematurely suppressed by fumigation with sulphur, stum. See Visum.
(From tener). The white calx of urine, and whatever is young or tender, as virga musta, agna musta.
See Meum Alpinum Germanicum.
The velvet ant of South America, highly troublesome from its sting. It is usually found in sandy places, runs very swiftly, and lies concealed under stones and flowers. There are many European species, but these are not troublesome.
(From mutus, dumb). Dumbness. The want of power to articulate words. Dr. Cullen places this disease in the class locales and order dyscinesice, defining it an inability of articulating words. The species are,
1. Mutitas organica; when the tongue is taken away or injured.
2. Mutitas atonica, when the nerves are chiefly affected.
3. Mutitas surdorum, from early deafness. Myacantha, (from a mouse, and a thorn; because its prickly leaves are used to preserve substances from mice). See Ruscus.
And Myagrcm, (from a fly, and to seize; because flies are caught by its viscidity). Myagrum perenne Lin. Sp. Pl 893. (See Rapistrum.) This plant has a turbinated fruit, like an inverted pear, unicapsular, pressing in the stalk, containing one seed, with two empty cells, resembling in virtue the rapistrum, or raphanistrum.
(From to wink.) A winking, closing, or obstruction. It is applied to the eyes, to ulcers, and to obstructions of the viscera, especially the spleen. In botany it means a fungus; in surgery the fungus which rises in ulcers or wounds. In some authors it signifies a yellow vitriol.