Oceania is separated from the continents in a manner to form it into a world of itself. It is composed of Australia and most of the Islands of the Pacific. These islands are generally subject to volcanic action. The animal and vegetable life rank high ; but the original people take a very low place in the scale of humanity. They have no record of history prior to the coming of the' white man, before whom, and the progress of civilization, they are rapidly diminishing in numbers. Oceania may be divided into Maylasia, Micronesia, Australasia and Polynesia, with a total area of 4,211,093 square miles and a combined population of 39,200,000.

I. Malaysia is usually considered as part of Asia under the " East Indian Archipelago," but here it is included with Oceania. Chief islands - Sumatra, 179,290 square miles; population, 1884,. 2,948,715. Java, 50,800squaremiles; population, 22,500,000. Borneo, 284,918 square miles; population, 1,858,000. Celebes, 77,179 square miles; population, 933,823. Moluccas, 20,429 square miles; population, 352,580. Philippines, 114,219 square miles; population, 8,000,000. Lesser Dutch Islands, 42,489 square miles; population, 2,000,000. The 790 total area of its islands is 769,324 square miles, and the population 34,661,000.

II. Micronesia includes the Caroline and Pelew Islands, 1,450 square miles ; population, 36,000. Mariannes, 443 square miles; population 8,665. Gilbert Islands. 165 square miles; population, 35,200. Marshall Islands, 154 square miles; population, 11,600. Total area, 1,322 square miles; population, 91,465.

III. Australasia comprises the great islands of Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, New Guinea (which five are treated individually hereafter). . New Caledonia and Loyalty Islands, 7,644 square miles ; population, 68,400. Solomon Islands, etc., 23,546 square miles; population, 260,850. Total area, 3,430,234 square miles ; population, 4,989,000.

IV. Polynesia - Chief groups, Friendly Islands, 384 square miles; population, 25,000 ; Samoa Islands, 1,073 square miles; population, 36,800. Society Islands, 636 square miles; population, 16,300. Marquesas, 491 square miles; population, 5,776. Sandwich Islands, 6,558 square miles; population, 57,985. Total area, 10,313 square miles; population, 179,550.