The Kingdom of Portugal comprises 34,028 square miles, with a population of 4,708,000.

Portugal is bounded on the east and north by Spain, and on the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean. Religion - Roman Catholic; 500 Protestants. Government - Hereditary limited monarchy. Executive, the King and Cabinet. Legislative, the Cortes, composed of House of Peers with 162 members, and House of Commons with 149 members. Education - 5,500 schools with 240,000 pupils ; one university with 670 students.

During the fifteenth century Portugal exceeded any other European nation in power and prosperity. Her ships were in every port. She had colonies throughout the world. Her decline, however, was nearly as rapid as her elevation had been. She finally became a dependency of Spain, but in 1640 threw off the Spanish yoke, and has since, except during the dominancy of Napoleon, been independent 778

Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, and Oporto, are its principal commercial cities, in which all the manufacturing interests of the country are centered. For want of roads, internal commerce is almost entirely neglected. In 1785 a terrible earthquake destroyed Lisbon, 60,000 people perishing.

Charles /., King of Portugal, was born in 1863, and acceded to the throne in 1880.

Portuguese colonies in Africa number 5,-416,000 population and 841,025 square miles; in Asia 847,503 population and 7,923 square miles.