Fig. 12. Top-Nozzle Supply and Waste Fittings..

In lieu of the full curtain and regular receptor capable of providing six to eight inches' depth of water, and having tub-like supply and waste fittings in addition to the shower features, a shallow base of marble provided with a drain and having three marble sides, such as is shown in Fig. 15, can be provided with any preferred type of shower fittings. The overhead douche, already noted, set at an angle, with flexible joint for adjustment, as seen in Fig. 16,: so that the body can be played on without wetting the hair, is not often fitted to private shower fixtures, as it requires considerable additional space. A rubber cap for the head enables one to use the vertical shower with a fair degree of satisfaction.

A point concerning shower fixtures and relating to the safety of the user, to which special attention should always be given, is that of the valve arrangement. If the design renders it at all possible, as sometimes is the case, one is apt inadvertently to scald himself by at first turning on hot water alone. The chances of injury in this way increase with elaborate combinations, if not carefully guarded against by the designers; and we should not take it for granted that they have provided such safeguards. As a rule, reliable makers do embody ample mixing chambers, thermometers, etc., in such apparatus, where necessary, and they regulate the control of hot-service valves, or in some other way render the improper use of them unlikely. The latter precaution is most satisfactorily taken care of by regulating valves such as shown on the side of the frame, Fig. 14, a movement of the handle to any particular point giving the exact tem-peratire desired.

Fig. 13. Type of Shower Bath Provided in

Fig. 13. Type of Shower Bath Provided in.

Conjunction with Bathtub. Note Spray Attachment

Courtesy of Federal-Huber Company, Chicago, Illinois

Fig. 14. Shower Bath with Curtain, Piping, and Temperature Regulating Valve Attached to Porcelain Receptor

Fig. 14. Shower Bath with Curtain, Piping, and Temperature Regulating Valve Attached to Porcelain Receptor.

Courtesy of Crane Company, Chicago

Fig. 15. Combination Needle and Shower Bath

Fig. 15. Combination Needle and Shower Bath.

Courtesy of Crane Company, Chicago.

Sitz Baths. These are primarily for bathing the hips and loins in a sitting posture, but may be fitted with special features as ordered. Porcelain and enameled iron are the usual materials. The fixtures approximate in dimensions 15 inches in height at front and 26 inches at back, and are 26 to 30 inches wide. In the back, at a proper height, in a complete fixture, like that shown in Fig. 17, is a horizontal slit accommodating fittings for a "Liver Spray" - a wide wave-like spray of water, either hot,cold, or of intermediate temperature, as suits the person. In the bottom, in conjunction with the outlet, is a hot or cold douche, equally under control of the user. In the center of the douche, and operated independently, is a Bidet jet. These provisions are entirely separate from and independent of the regular supply fittings, but one waste fitting is used in common for all. The simple sitz bath has the regular Bell Supply, and Waste, like those used on the bath, the dimensions being diminished to suit. For the extraordinary features, these fittings are merely adapted in a way to give the user convenient control. For all but the sim-plest fixtures, the control appli-ances are invariably fitted through the rims, the valve handles being provided with proper indices to guide the user. Bidet jets in combination with sitz-bath fittings, have to a great extent curtailed the use of separate Bidet fixtures. Bidet jets have often been added to water-closets, but a satisfactory application cannot be made to a closet. Separate Bidet fixtures are now rare, but are furnished by fixture makers; and in isolated cases, where frequent or regular use is necessary, are preferable to any combination with a fixture used for other purposes.

Fig. 16. Shower Bath Fitting with Shower Head and Douche Adjustable

Fig. 16. Shower Bath Fitting with Shower Head and Douche Adjustable.

Courtesy of Crane Company, Chicago.

The sitz bath is conveniently used for a foot-bath, thus making this fixture doubly useful. Indeed, the sitz bath is a more comfortable means of bathing the feet than is the foot-bath itself. Children's bath-tubs, small, and elevated by legs to the height of a lavatory, are made, but no well-defined demand exists for them. They give greater convenience to the nurse, the use of less water, and quicker filling and emptying, but these are the only points in their favor.

Foot=Baths. The foot-bath is a small rectangular tub with proper feet and rim, furnished with supply and waste of the regular bath pattern, diminished to suit. The sizes average say 12 inches deep, with 20-inch sides. The feet make the total height about 18 inches. Fig. 18 gives a good idea of the usual enameled-iron foot-bath' fixture. Enameled iron and porcelain are the usual materials. They require even less water than the sitz bath, but, as before said, are not so convenient for the purpose as the sitz fixture, and are not installed except in the most spacious and elaborate bathrooms. The foot-bath would serve admirably as a child's bath, except that it is too near the floor for convenient use as such.

Bidet Fixtures. The majority of leading fixture makers do not now catalogue these. They consist essentially of a pedestal like a closet pedestal, with bowl and rim contracted in the center, giving an outline something like the figure 8. Proper fittings to operate the jet and waste are provided. Porcelain is the material. As mentioned before, Bidet jets are furnished in combination with receptor showrer fixtures, as well as with sitz baths.