The question of what fixtures to put in a bath room is one which generally can be answered only by the owner of the building, and no doubt will be settled by his wife. Women, as a rule, take a particular pride in this part of the home, and have their own opinions of what it should contain. Of course, there will be the three usual fixtures - closet, lavatory and bath tub. If there is a shower, also, it is a concession to the male part of the family, for comparatively few women like a shower bath. If a shower is to be part of the equipment, the designer has choice of a variety of designs, from the simple shower above the bath tub to a complete needle shower and spray bath set over a receptor. It may be possible that the owner wishes hydroelectric baths or light baths in addition to the usual outfit, in which case provision must be made for the apparatus.
Bidets or bidet attachments to water closets may be part of the equipment desired by some owners, while foot baths or sitz baths might be desired by others. It is well when taking up the matter of fixtures with the owner to call attention to the various kinds of fixtures and explain their various uses. Oftentimes fixtures are omitted for the only reason that the owner is not aware that such appliances are made, or, if he knows, is not familiar with their uses.
Urinals are seldom used in private houses nor is there a demand for them. Ordinarily a water closet will serve the purpose far better and with much less offense. When installed, urinals are generally placed in a compartment adjoining a billiard room or some other part of the house where men congregate.
No less important than the kind and number of bath room fixtures, is the size and quality. If comfort is to be had while taking a bath, the architect must see that the fixture is large enough so the bather will not have to fold up in order to get inside; and that along with its other dimensions, it is deep enough, up to the overflow, so that the user will be at least partly submerged. Bathtubs range in size from 4 1/2 feet to 6 feet, and it is safe to say that nothing less than a 5 1/2-foot tub should be installed in a private house. The bath room likewise should be large and roomy. There is no comfort in using a fixture in a narrow, cramped room, where the bather cannot move his arms without fear of bumping elbows or knocking something onto the floor. A bath room with a floor space of from 50 to 60 square feet is a fair size for an ordinary building, while for more pretentious houses they may run as high as 100 square feet or more.